Rev. 11 Sept. 2009, Gen. 561
DESCENDANTS OF DWIGHT W. GRAVES AND ELVIRA ------ OF NY
Dwight W. Greaves (1) was born about 1822 in NY. He married Elvira (or Alvira) ‑‑‑‑‑‑. She was born about 1821 in NY. They were in the 1850, 1860, 1870, and 1880 censuses for Westmoreland, Oneida Co., NY. He was a farmer. All their children were born in NY.
It is likely that Dwight was descended from John Graves of Concord, MA (genealogy 166). Sterling Graves of gen. 166 also lived in Westmoreland, Oneida Co., NY.
From Early Potters and Potteries of New York State, by William C. Ketchum, Jr., NY, NY, Funk & Wagnalls, 1970:
The road north from Clinton to Rome passes through the township of Westmoreland. In 1845 Dwight W. Graves, a farmer, age twenty-eight, his wife, Elvira, and several children settled in the section of the town known as Otsequote, an area near the Vernon town line.
After some years of farming, Graves took up or renewed the trade of potting, being listed as a potter in the state and federal census from 1855 to 1875. His house and adjoining potter’s shop are shown in both the 1858 and 1874 maps of the township. Between 1875 and 1880 Dwight Graves closed his works and retired.
The industrial census for the former year indicates that this was a modest business. Fifteen tons of clay were utilized by the proprietor to produce stoneware valued at $1,200.00. The owner was the sole emplyee, and he utilized only handpower in his work.
Of course, one is immediately struck by the fact that this, like Galway, is a landlocked stoneware works. Why Graves chose to make salt-glazed ware rather than redware despite what must have been the substantial expense of bringing in clay by wagon will probably always remain a mystery.
One thing is clear. His products, or what remains of them, are very unusual. In form the jugs and cream jars I have seen are conventially mid-nineteenth century, squat, flat-sided, and uninteresting. The cobalt decoration, however, is applied as though the pots had been made twenty years or more before: rings of cobalt about the handle bases and a slash across the stamp “D.W. GRAVES/WESTMORELAND,” nothing more. Moreover, instead of the usual Albany clip-covered interiors one finds the pieces to have been lined with a thin ocre slip. The exteriors are often an unusual rose brown in color, a shade which may reflect the more than generous admixture of local brick clay.
It is not easy to find samples of Graves’ work, but one example is at the Munson-Williams-Procter Institute in Utica, New York. (R‑1_
Children – Graves
+2. Frederick A. Graves, b. April 1844, m. Louisa ‑‑‑‑‑‑.
3. Adaline Graves, b.c. 1847.
4. Helen Graves, b.c. 1848.
5. Adella Graves, b. 1850.
6. Mary H. Graves, b.c. 1852.
7. Flora Graves, b.c. 1864.
CHILDREN OF DWIGHT W. GRAVES (1) AND ELVIRA ------
Frederick A. Graves was born in April 1844 in NY. He married Louisa ‑‑‑‑‑‑. She was born in June 1842 in England, and both her parents were born in England. They were in the 1880, 1900 and 1910 censuses for Westmoreland, Oneida Co., NY. He was a carpenter in 1880, and a farmer later. Both their children were born in NY.
Children – Graves
8. Mary Graves, b.c. 1868.
9. Elvira L. Graves, b. Jan. 1874. She was unmarried, and an assistant matron in Rome, NY, in 1880, at the Rome State Custodial Asylum.
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