Rev. 16 Oct. 1999, Gen. 828
DESCENDANTS OF GEORGE GRAVES AND MARY ANN ROACH
OF SOUTH AUSTRALIA
George Graves (1) was born in 1817, died 21 Oct. 1867 at age 49, and was buried two days later in the Roman Catholic Cem. at Kapunda, South Australia. He married Mary Ann Roach by banns (not found) on 28 Nov. 1850 in Christchurch United Church of England, North Adelaide, Australia. George was a 33 year old brickmaker and Mary Ann a 30 year old spinster. Witnesses to the marriage were Emmanuel Roach and Caroline Harvy. Mary Ann was born 14 Aug. 1820 and died 24 May 1894. She was Catholic and, like George, there are no shipping or passenger arrival records for her. No connection has been found to either of the witnesses to the marriage.
At present the only connection to George's familial roots is a snuff box, bearing the crest of Lord Nelson, passed on to his family at his death. There is no recorded evidence to show that George was born in Australia, and no available shipping or passenger records to establish his arrival. Early colonists first arrived in South Australia in 1837 and for a number of years spasmodic newspaper entries recorded a few select names. Despite the presence of other Graves families in early State records, no known oral history or documentation can connect them to this family.
Very early birth and baptism records are very sparse and badly damaged and a number of years are missing. George and Mary Ann's first-born child Austin was not recorded. However, South Australian Railway records show his birth date and place as 19 Nov. 1849 at Bowden, South Australia. Although Austin was born 12 months before his parents' marriage, later family records, together with early known attitudes toward Catholics in the colony, support the belief that he is a Graves rather than a Roach descendant.
The South Australian Company was established and financed in England with the intention of excluding convicts and Catholics although, by the 1850's, records show that both 'species' had made their way there by various means. Because of Company policy, there were relatively few Catholic priests in the colony during this period, resulting in a large number of births out of wedlock. Records also show that a number of marriages were eventually undertaken in C of E churches when the birth of a second or third child was imminent.
There are no land or assessment records until 1852 when George paid taxes to the Hindmarsh District Council (assessment no. 48, north of section 468, full annual value £4) as the owner of an unfinished house on 2 allotments at 9 Sixth Street in the Village of Bowden. On 16 July 1852 he was recorded as a Yeoman of Bowden when he bought part section 354 (provincial survey B656) in the same village. George paid £100 sterling for this parcel of land, purchased from Henry Denny, which he resold 10 months later to John Hocking for a profit of £50. During the following two years, George was referred to as a brickmaker when he continued to speculate in the purchase and sale of 11 more parcels of land in both Bowden and the neighboring village of Brompton. The size and value of these transactions, which were sold within months of purchase, varied, and the individual profits ranged between 50% and 150%.
All properties in Adelaide had been sold by 1858 and the family had moved to Mount Remarkable, in the far north of the state, where the last child Hannah was born. Although her birth, on the 10th of September, was not registered, details were recorded by a Jesuit priest who was the celebrant at her baptism 9 days later. In October, George gave his birth year as 1817 when he was received into the Catholic Church by the same Jesuit priest from the Sevenhill Village Mission based at Clare. Although it has not been determined why the family moved to the mid-north of South Australia, this was a period of mineral discovery that saved the colony from bankruptcy. Because of his previous land speculation, George may have been lured by the dream of further quick profits.
Sometime during the next nine years the family moved to the township of Kapunda in the area known as the wheat belt of the state. George returned to the brickmaking business and the township's redbrick buildings are a remaining legacy of that agricultural boom period. George died in 1867 and was buried in Kapunda. During the next 27 years, Mary Ann moved to Davenport, near Pt. Augusta in the far north of the state. When she died, her "lonely death" was recorded in the local newspaper. She was buried in the Pt. Augusta general cemetery. (R-1)
Children - Graves
+2. Austin Graves, b. 19 Nov. 1849, m. Anne Gregg, 25 March 1876, d. 27 Nov. 1919.
3. George Graves, b. 14 Oct. 1851 (Brompton, SA), d. 20 Dec. 1851 (Bowden, SA). Bur. 21 Dec. 1851 in Hindmarsh, SA, Australia.
4. Mary Graves, b. 1 May 1853 (Bowden, SA), d. 17 May 1853 (Bowden, SA). Bur. 18 May 1853 in Hindmarsh, SA, Australia.
+5. George Graves, b. 16 Aug. 1854, m. Sarah Jane Moritz, 10 Sept. 1885, d. 28 June 1923.
+6. James Graves, b. 2 Aug. 1856, m(1) Elizabeth Kavanagh, 26 Dec. 1877, m(2) Elizabeth McCabe, 31 March 1891, d. 7 Feb. 1920.
+7. Hannah Graves, b. 10 Sept. 1858, m. William Sampson, d. 1949.
CHILDREN OF GEORGE GRAVES (1) AND MARY ANN ROACH
Austin Graves (2) was born 19 Nov. 1849 in Bowden, SA, died 27 Nov. 1919 in Broken Hill, NSW, and was buried 29 Nov. 1919 in Broken Hill RC Cem., NSW. He married Anne Gregg, daughter of Henry Gregg and Mary Jane Gillespie, on 25 March 1876 in Sevenhill RC Church, Clare, SA. She was born 8 May 1853 in Clare, SA, died 17 June 1933 in Norwood, SA, and was buried 19 June 1933 in West Terrace RC Cem., Adelaide, SA. (R-1)
Children - Graves
+8. James Henry Graves, m. Ellen Evangeline Shiels, 31 Dec. 1906, d. 11 Sept. 1919.
9. John George Graves, b. 17 May 1876 (Hoylesplains, near Clare, SA), bapt. 27 May 1876 (Sevenhill RC Church, Clare, SA), d. 27 July 1884 (Alberton, SA). Bur. 28 July 1884 in Cheltenham, SA.
10. Alfred Graves, b. 28 Feb. 1878 (Undalya, near Clare, SA), bapt. and d. 5 April 1878.
+11. Austin Graves, b. 20 April 1880, m. Florence Emma Forrest, 1907, d. 10 July 1940.
12. Frederick Peter Graves, b. 3 July 1882 (Hoyleton, near Clare, SA), bapt. 30 Dec. 1882 (Sevenhill, Clare, SA), d. 6 Aug. 1884 (Rosewater, SA). Bur. 6 Aug. 1884 in Cheltenham, SA.
+13. Mary Annie Graves, b. 30 Oct. 1884, m. Herbert Gauntlett Forrest, 1903, d. 23 July 1918.
+14. Catherine Priscilla Graves, b. 16 Nov. 1886, m. Amos John Grossman, 3 Aug. 1905, d. 31 July 1926.
+15. Clara Adelaide Gertrude Graves, b. 28 Dec. 1888, m. Albert James Buchanan, 22 July 1918, d. 17 July 1976.
+16. Stanley Edward Graves, b. 14 Dec. 1891, m. Ada Carter, 1918, d. 1969.
George Graves (5) was born 16 Sept. 1854 in Bowden, SA, was baptized 15 Oct. 1854 in Pt. Adelaide, SA, died 28 June 1923 in Gilbert St., Norwood, at age 68, and was buried in West Terrace, Adelaide, SA. He was a railway porter, shunter and watchman. He married Sarah Jane Moritz, daughter of Charles Henry Moritz and Alice Bollard, on 10 Sept. 1885 in Port Adelaide RC Church, SA. She was born 16 July 1866 in Williamstown, SA, and died 11 March 1927 in Gilbert St., Norwood, SA. (R-1)
Children - Graves
17. George Frederick Graves, b. 31 Jan. 1886 (Bayswater, SA), bapt. 14 Feb. 1886 (Port Adelaide, SA), m. Johanna Maria Martha Zander (widow), d. 2 March 1945 (Roonka Station, Blanchetown, SA). Bur. 4 March 1945 in Truro, SA. They had no children. She was b. 21 Feb. 1891, d. 5 Jan. 1966 in Norwood, SA, bur. 7 Jan. 1966 in West Terrace, Adelaide, SA. She was bur. with her first husband Gustav Zander. Her children were May and Charles Zander.
18. Laura Hannah Teresa Graves, b. 30 April 1888 (Willaston, SA), d. 1974.
+19. Vincent Henry Graves, b. 26 Nov. 1890, m. Mary Ann Dwyer, 7 April 1924, d. 21 March 1931.
20. Alice Ethel Isabel Graves, b. 12 Dec. 1892 (Exeter, SA), d. 12 Sept. 1893 (Exeter, SA). Bur. 13 Sept. 1893 in Cheltenham, SA.
21. Eva Cecilia Graves, b. 9 Oct. 1894 (Broken Hill, NSW), bapt. 23 Dec. 1894 (Broken Hill RC Church, NSW), d. 20 Jan. 1895 (Broken Hill, NSW). Bur. 20 Jan. 1895 in Broken Hill RC Cem., NSW.
22. Walter Maurice Graves, b. 12 Aug. 1896 (Broken Hill, NSW), bapt. 4 Oct. 1896 (Broken Hill RC Church, NSW).
+23. Francis Austin Graves, b. 23 May 1899, m. Lillian Gertrude ------, d. 28 Nov. 1966.
24. Doreen Emily Sara Graves
James Graves (6) was born 2 Aug. 1856 in Bowden, SA, was baptized 7 Sept. 1856 in Port Adelaide, SA, died 7 Feb. 1920 in Broken Hill, NSW, and was buried 10 Feb. 1920 in Broken Hill RC Cem., NSW. He first married Elizabeth Kavanagh, daughter of James Kavanagh and Jane Tracey, on 26 Dec. 1877 in Kadina RC Church, SA. She was born about 1854, died 14 Nov. 1888 in Broken Hill, NSW, and was buried 15 Nov. 1888 in Broken Hill RC Cem., NSW
He married second Elizabeth McCabe, daughter of James McCabe and Eliza Baker, on 31 March 1891 in Broken Hill RC Church, NSW. She was born 7 Oct. 1867 near Greenock, SA, and died in 1931 in Broken Hill, NSW. All children by this second marriage were born in Broken Hill, NSW, and were baptized in Broken Hill RC Church, NSW. (R-1)
Children - Graves, by Elizabeth Kavanagh
+25. Mary Ann Graves, b. 25 Feb. 1879, m. ------.
26. Jane Graves, b. 5 Aug. 1881 (Port Pirie, SA), d. 9 May 1895 (Wallaroo Mines, SA). Bur. 11 May 1895 in Kadina, SA.
27. George Graves, b. 10 Aug. 1884 (Kadina, SA), bapt. 14 Aug. 1884 (Kadina RC Church, SA), never married, d. 12 Dec. 1935 (Broken Hill, NSW). Bur. 13 Dec. 1935 in Broken Hill RC Cem., NSW. No children.
+28. James Graves, b. 24 Feb. 1887, m. Julia Annie Harman, 27 July 1912, d. 22 Jan. 1965.
Children - Graves, by Elizabeth McCabe
29. John Joseph ("Jack") Graves, b. 7 (?) Jan. 1892, bapt. 24 Jan. 1892, d. 1931 (Broken Hill, NSW). Bur. 1931 in Broken Hill, NSW.
30. Austin Graves, b. 31 Oct. 1893, bapt. 12 Nov. 1893, d. 1894 (Broken Hill, NSW). Bur. 21 Nov. 1894 in Broken Hill RC Cem., NSW.
31. Eliza Austina Graves, b. 14 Jan. 1896, bapt. 26 Jan. 1896.
32. Edward E. Graves, b. 1901, d. 1915 (Broken Hill, NSW). Bur. 27 Dec. 1915 in Broken Hill RC Cem., NSW.
33. Henry Austin ("Harry") Graves, b. 27 Aug. 1904, bapt. 11 Sept. 1904, m. Kethleen A. M. Shelly, 23 April 1933 (Marrickville, NSW).
34. Ida Jane Graves, b. 27 Aug. 1904, bapt. 11 Sept. 1904, m. ------ Smeden. He was a miner in Broken Hill, NSW.
Hannah Graves (7) was born 10 Sept. 1858 in Mt. Remarkable, SA, was baptized 19 Sept. 1858 in Sevenhill RC Church, Clare, SA, and died 1949 in Victoria, Australia. She married William Sampson. (R-1)
Children - Sampson
35. Arthur Sampson, b. 1886 (Victoria), d. 1917 (Victoria).
36. Reginald Sampson, b. 1888 (Victoria), d. 1902 (Victoria).
37. Helen ("Ciss") Sampson, b. 1891 (Victoria), d. 1979.
38. Millicent Sampson, b. 1897 (Victoria), d. 1977.
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