This is an arbitrary and partial list of Graves/Greaves family members who are well-known. Let us know if you have any suggestions for additions or changes. The genealogy number of each person is given in parentheses after the person's name and occupation.
Notable or famous members of the various Graves/Greaves families include (in alphabetical order):
- James Arness, American actor (Gen. 166)
- George H. W. Bush, 41st U.S. President (Gen. 169)
- George W. Bush, 43rd U.S. President (Gen. 169)
- Hoagy Carmichael, American song writer (Gen. 11)
- Grover Cleveland, U.S. President (Gen. 168)
- John R. Coffee, American General and "father of Tennessee" (Gen. 169)
- (John) Calvin Coolidge, U.S. President (Gen. 28)
- Jay Norwood ("Ding") Darling, American Conservation Hero (Gen. 168)
- Frank Murray Dixon, Governor of Alabama (Gen. 169)
- Jesse Franklin, U.S. Senator and Governor of NC (Gen. 270)
- Absalom Graves Gaines, President of St. Lawrence University (Gen. 169)
- Adam Graves, Canadian ice hockey star (Ancestry unknown)
- Bibb Graves, 2-time governor of Alabama (Gen. 220)
- Danny Graves, U.S. baseball player (Ancestry unknown)
- Denyce Graves, American opera singer (Ancestry unknown)
- Georgia Graves, American classical music singer (Ancestry unknown)
- Henry Graves, American Millionaire and watch collector (Gen. 166)
- Henry Lee Graves, president of Baylor University (Gen. 270)
- Howard D. Graves, Lt. Gen., U.S. Army (Gen. 535)
- John Alexander Graves III, American author (Gen. 169)
- John Woodcock Graves, English composer, artist, entrepreneur, and eccentric (Ancestry unknown)
- Josh Graves, American musician (Gen. 92)
- Michael Graves, American architect and designer (Gen. 94)
- Michael Graves, American actor (Ancestry unknown)
- Morris Cole Graves, American painter (Gen. 65)
- Nancy Stevenson Graves, American sculptor (Ancestry unknown)
- Peter Graves, American actor (Gen. 166)
- Robert Ranke Graves, English author and poet (Gen. 68)
- Rupert Simeon Graves, English actor (Gen. 338)
- Sam Graves, U.S. Congressman from Missouri (Gen. 270)
- Samuel Graves, English Admiral (Gen. 68)
- William Preston Graves, governor of Kansas (Gen. 152)
- William Sidney Graves, American Major General (Gen. 270)
- Ann Greaves, creator of the world-famous Bakewell Pudding (Ancestry unknown)
- Anthony ("Tony") Robert Greaves, Baron Greaves, member of the House of Lords (Ancestry unknown)
- Clinton Greaves, Buffalo Soldier and recipient of the U.S. Congressional Medal of Honor (Ancestry unknown)
- Jimmy Greaves, English football star (Ancestry unknown)
- William Abraham Greaves, American Artist (Gen. 70)
- John Mumford Gregory, Jr., governor of Virginia (Gen. 169)
- Alex Haley, American author (Gen. 270)
- Rutherford B. Hayes, U.S. President (Gen. 213)
- Barbara Mandrell, American country music singer (Gen. 13)
- Louise Mandrell, American country music singer (Gen. 13)
- Steve McQueen, American Actor (Gen. 270)
- John Motley Morehead III, American Industrialist and Philanthropist (Gen. 270)
- John Graves Simcoe, English Lt.-General and moulder of present-day Canada (Gen. 68)
JAMES ARNESS is a brother of actor Peter Graves. He is descended from John Graves of Concord, MA (Gen. 166).
He was born James Aurness on 26 May 1923 in Minneapolis, MN, son of Ruth (Duesler) Salisbury and Rolf Aurness. Drafted into the U.S. Army during his freshman year (1942-43) at Beloit (Wisconsin) College, Arness was wounded in the leg at Anzio beachhead in 1944. After World War II he worked as a substitute radio announcer at station WLOL in Minneapolis for six months before drifting to Hollywood. While acting at the Bliss-Hayden Theatre in Beverly Hills he was discovered by agent Leo Lance, who introduced him to film producer Dore Schary. He had appeared in more than a score of films by 1953. When Gunsmoke was translated from radio to television in 1955, Arness was recommended and selected for the starring role of Matt Dillon by John Wayne. An instant hit as TV's first adult western, Gunsmoke ranked first in the Nielsen ratings in 1957, and remained among the top ten shows annually thereafter. It was expanded from a half-hour to a full-hour show in 1960. The show continued for at least 19 seasons on the CBS network, and made Arness a multimillionaire. He has invested his money wisely, has several homes, and has enjoyed piloting his two airplanes, as well as surfing, boating, skiing, fishing, and other outdoor diversions.
(This information is from Current Biography Yearbook, ed. Charles Moritz, The M.W. Wilson Co., NY, 1973, pages 15-17.)
GEORGE HERBERT WALKER BUSH is descended from Capt. Thomas Graves of VA (Gen. 169) through his daughter Verlinda.
He is an American politician who served as the 41st President of the United States (1989-93). He had previously served as the 43rd Vice President of the United States (1981-89), a congressman, an ambassador, and Director of Central Intelligence. He was born June 12, 1924 in Milton, Massachusetts, to Senator Prescott Bush and Dorothy Walker Bush. Following the attacks on Pearl Harbor in 1941, at the age of 18, Bush postponed going to college and became the youngest aviator in the US Navy at the time. He served until the end of the war, then attended Yale University. Graduating in 1948, he moved his family to West Texas and entered the oil business, becoming a millionaire by the age of 40.
He became involved in politics soon after founding his own oil company, serving as a member of the House of Representatives, among other positions. He ran unsuccessfully for president of the United States in 1980, but was chosen by party nominee Ronald Reagan to be the vice presidential nominee, and the two were subsequently elected. During his tenure, Bush headed administration task forces on deregulation and fighting drug abuse.
Bush is the father of George W. Bush, the 43rd President of the United States, and Jeb Bush, former Governor of Florida. He is the most recent president to have been a World War II veteran. Until the election of his son George W. Bush to the presidency in 2000, Bush was commonly referred to simply as "George Bush"; since that time, the forms "George H. W. Bush", "Bush 41", "Bush the Elder", and "George Bush, Sr." have come into common use as a way to distinguish the father from the son.
(This information is from Wikipedia.)
GEORGE WALKER BUSH is the oldest son of George H. W. Bush. He is descended from Capt. Thomas Graves of VA (Gen. 169) through his daughter Verlinda.
He is an American politician who served as the 43rd President of the United States, from 2001 to 2009. Before that, he was the 46th Governor of Texas, having served from 1995 to 2000. He was born July 6, 1946 in New Haven, Connecticut. He is the eldest son of Barbara Bush and 41st President George H. W. Bush, making him the second American president to have been the son of a former president. He is also the brother of Jeb Bush, former Governor of Florida.
After graduating from Yale University in 1968 and Harvard Business School in 1975, Bush worked in oil businesses. He married Laura Welch in 1977 and ran unsuccessfully for the House of Representatives shortly thereafter. He later co-owned the Texas Rangers baseball team before defeating Ann Richards in the 1994 Texas gubernatorial election. In a close and controversial election, Bush was elected President in 2000 as the Republican candidate, defeating Vice President Al Gore in the Electoral College.
Bush successfully ran for re-election against Democratic Senator John Kerry in 2004, in another relatively close election.
(This information is from Wikipedia.)
HOAGLAND ("HOAGY") HOWARD CARMICHAEL was born 22 Nov. 1899, died 27 Dec. 1981 in Rancho Mirage, CA, and was buried in Rose Hill Cem., Bloomington, Monroe Co., IN. He first married Ruth Meinardi on 14 March 1936 in New York City, NY, and married second Wanda Mackay about 1977. He was descended from Peter Graves of Surry Co., NC (Gen. 11), as follows: Peter1, Mary2, Peter F.3 Carmichael, Michael Taylor4 Carmichael, Howard Clyde5 Carmichael, Hoagland Howard6 Carmichael. According to an article on page A24, The Wall Street Journal, Sept. 9, 1999, titled "Carmichael's Centenary Celebrations", by Tom Nolan:
"Seventy years ago, Hoagland Howard Carmichael, from Bloomington, Ind., found a melody that enchanted the world...The melody was titled 'Star Dust' (later 'Stardust'), and is arguably the most recorded popular song of all time, with well over 2,000 versions...Hoagy Carmichael, in a career that spanned two or three generations, wrote more than 600 other melodies, some nearly as well known as 'Stardust': 'Georgia on My Mind,' 'Skylark,' 'Up a Lazy River,' 'Rockin' Chair,' 'Baltimore Oriole,' 'Heart and Soul,' 'The Nearness of You.'...Hoagy Carmichael, with his low-key informality and his idiosyncratic vocal style, had success not only as a composer and a recording artist, but also as a film actor, radio and television performer, and memoir writer. But it was the songs this onetime lawyer and untrained musician wrote that mattered most to him..."
GROVER CLEVELAND was born 18 March 1837 in Caldwell, NJ, and died 24 June 1908 in Princeton, NJ, son of Richard F. Cleveland, a Presbyterian minister, and Ann Neale. His parents named him Stephen Grover Cleveland, but he dropped the Stephen. He was a Democrat and president of the United States 1885-1889 and 1893-1897. According to a ruling of the State Dept., he was both the 22nd and the 24th president, because his two terms were not consecutive. He was descended from Thomas Graves of Hartford, CT and Hatfield, MA (Gen. 168), and is listed as #3646 in the 1985 book on that family.
He clerked in Clinton and Buffalo, NY; taught at the N.Y. City Institution for the Blind; was admitted to the bar in Buffalo, 1859; became assistant district attorney, 1863; sheriff, 1871; mayor, 1881; governor of New York, 1882. He was an independent, honest administrator who hated corruption. He was nominated for president over Tammany Hall opposition, 1884, and defeated Republican James G. Blaine. He enlarged the civil service, vetoed many pension raids on the Treasury. In 1888 he was defeated by Benjamin Harrison, although his popular vote was larger. Reelected over Harrison in 1892, he faced a money crisis brought about by lowering of the gold reserve, circulation of paper and exorbitant silver purchases under the Sherman Act. He obtained a repeal of the Sherman Act and a reduced tariff. A severe depression and labor troubles racked his administration but he refused to interfere in business matters and rejected Jacob Coxey's demand for unemployment relief. He broke the Pullman strike in 1894. In 1896, the Democrats repudiated his administration and chose silverite William Jennings Bryan as their candidate. (Most of this information from The World Almanac and Book of Facts, 1994, Funk and Wagnalls Corp., Mahwah, NJ, 1993.)
JOHN R. COFFEE was born 2 June 1772 in Prince Edward Co., VA, and died 7 July 1833 in Florence, Lauderdale Co., AL. He went to Tennessee with his mother in April 1798, and settled on the Cumberland River a few miles above Nashville. He was a general and was known as the "Father of Tennessee." He married Mary Donelson, daughter of Capt John Donelson II and his wife Mary Purnell, on 3 Oct. 1809 in Davidson Co., TN. She was 16 years old when they were married. She was born 13 June 1793, and died 11 Dec. 1871. He was descended from Thomas Graves of VA (gen. 169), via Thomas1, John2, Ralph3, Ralph4, Henry White5, Elizabeth6 m. Joshua Coffee, John R.7 Coffee.
(JOHN) CALVIN COOLIDGE was born in Plymouth, Vermont, on July 4, 1872, and died Jan. 5, 1933 in Northampton, Massachusetts. He was the 30th President of the U.S. (1923-1929). He was the son of a village storekeeper. He was graduated from Amherst College with honors, and entered law and politics in Northampton, Massachusetts. Slowly, methodically, he went up the political ladder from councilman in Northampton to Governor of Massachusetts, as a Republican. En route he became thoroughly conservative. (Most of this information and what follows is from www.whitehouse.gov/history/presidents/cc30.html.)
As President, Coolidge demonstrated his determination to preserve the old moral and economic precepts amid the material prosperity which many Americans were enjoying. He refused to use Federal economic power to check the growing boom or to ameliorate the depressed condition of agriculture and certain industries. His first message to Congress in December 1923 called for isolation in foreign policy, and for tax cuts, economy, and limited aid to farmers.
He rapidly became popular. In 1924, as the beneficiary of what was becoming known as "Coolidge prosperity," he polled more than 54 percent of the popular vote.
In his Inaugural he asserted that the country had achieved "a state of contentment seldom before seen," and pledged himself to maintain the status quo. In subsequent years he twice vetoed farm relief bills, and killed a plan to produce cheap Federal electric power on the Tennessee River.
The political genius of President Coolidge, Walter Lippmann pointed out in 1926, was his talent for effectively doing nothing: "This active inactivity suits the mood and certain of the needs of the country admirably. It suits all the business interests which want to be let alone.... And it suits all those who have become convinced that government in this country has become dangerously complicated and top-heavy...."
Coolidge was both the most negative and remote of Presidents, and the most accessible. He once explained to Bernard Baruch why he often sat silently through interviews: "Well, Baruch, many times I say only 'yes' or 'no' to people. Even that is too much. It winds them up for twenty minutes more." But no President was kinder in permitting himself to be photographed in Indian war bonnets or cowboy dress, and in greeting a variety of delegations to the White House.
He was descended from Rear Adm. Thomas Graves of Charlestown, MA (gen. 28), via Thomas1, Samuel2, Susanna3 Adams, Bethia4 Waldo, Esther5 Littlefield, Esther6 Soper, Asa7 Briggs, Sally8 Briggs, Sally9 Brown, Sarah Almeda10 Brewer m. Calvin Galusha Coolidge, John Calvin11 Coolidge m. Victoria Josephine Moor, John Calvin12 Coolidge (1872-1933) m. Grace Anna Goodhue.
JAY NORWOOD ("DING") DARLING was a renowned editorial cartoonist who advocated conservation of our nation's natural resources. Father of the Federal Duck Stamp Program, founder of the National Wildlife Federation, creator of the Cooperative Fish & Wildlife Research Unit Program, "Ding" Darling laid the groundwork for the system of today's National Wildlife Refuges. He was descended from Thomas Graves of Hartford, CT (gen. 168).
Born in Norwood, Michigan in 1876, Jay Norwood Darling was to become one of the most well known men of his era. A nationally syndicated editorial cartoonist, he was famous for his witty commentary on the many different subjects that concerned the nation.
An affable, dynamic, and talented man, Darling began his cartooning career in 1900 with the Sioux City Journal. After joining the Des Moines Register as a cartoonist in 1906, he began signing his cartoons with the nickname "Ding" - derived by combining the first initial of his name with the last three letters.
In 1924, "Ding" was honored with a Pulitzer Prize for a cartoon that espoused hard work. He would again win this prestigious award in 1942. An avid hunter and fisherman, Mr. Darling became alarmed at the loss of wildlife habitat and the possible extinction of many species. As an early pioneer for wildlife conservation, he worked this theme into his cartoons and influenced a nation.
In July 1934, President Franklin D. Roosevelt appointed "Ding" Darling as the Director of the U.S. Biological Survey, the forerunner of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. In his 18 months as Director, Darling initiated the Federal Duck Stamp Program, designed the first duck stamp, and vastly increased the acreage of the National Wildlife Refuge System. Through his efforts, the sale of state-owned land on Sanibel to developers was delayed, making it possible for the refuge to be established as he wanted. He also developed partnerships with state universities to train scientists in the emerging study of wildlife biology.
With the passage of the Migratory Bird Hunting Act in 1918, all waterfowl hunters 16 years and older became required by law to purchase a Federal Duck Stamp. Proceeds from the sales of these stamps are used to purchase wetlands for the protection of wildlife habitat. Since 1934, over $670 million in funds have been raised and more than 5.2 million acres of habitat have been purchased for wildlife.
Darling also designed the Blue Goose logo, the national symbol of the refuge system. Rachel Carson, author of Silent Spring, scientist and chief editor for the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service from 1932-52, wrote of the emblem, "Wherever you meet this sign, respect it. It means that the land behind the sign has been dedicated by the American people to preserving, for themselves and their children, as much of our native wildlife as can be retained along with our modern civilization."
The Ding Darling National Wildlife Refuge on Sanibel Island, Florida, was established as Sanibel National Wildlife Refuge in 1945 and administered by the Florida refuge that later became the Everglades National Park. The island refuge was renamed in 1971. Ding lived at a seasonal retreat that he built on Captiva Island next door to Sanibel Island.
FRANK MURRAY DIXON was born on July 25, 1892, in Oakland, California, to Frank Dixon, a preacher, and Launa Murray. Dixon's father was one of a long line of poor farmers from the North Carolina piedmont region who made a career from the Baptist pulpit and occasional lecturing. Dixon's uncle was the Reverend Thomas Dixon, a lawyer, preacher, state legislator, and best-selling author of several novels, including The Clansman (1905), which was later the basis for The Birth of a Nation, the first silent film to treat a serious subject.
Dixon attended public schools in Washington, DC, and Dixondale, Virginia, as well as Phillips Exeter Preparatory School, Columbia University, and the University of Virginia from which he received his law degree in 1916. He began his law career that same year in Birmingham, Alabama, in the office of Frank W. White. His practice was interrupted, however, by WWI. Dixon served as an aerial observer and machine gunner with the French Escadrilles until July 21, 1918, when he was wounded, resulting in the amputation of his right leg. Dixon was decorated by the French government with the Croix de Guerre with Palm, named a Chevalier of the French Legion of Honor, and was discharged in May 1919 at the rank of major.
Returning to Birmingham he became a partner in the legal firm of Bowers and Dixon, a position he retained until his inauguration as governor in 1939. Dixon also served as an assistant solicitor of Jefferson County from 1919 to 1923. His first attempt for the governorship was in 1934 when he was narrowly defeated by Bibb Graves. In 1938 he defeated Chauncey Sparks by presenting a platform that called for efficient reforms in the state government.
Although he was a conservative states' rights advocate, Dixon achieved significant progressive reforms in state government during his term in office. He eliminated much duplication of effort and services as well as excess cost by centralizing the administrative power in the governor's office. Another important reform was the elimination of the spoils system and adoption of the merit system, a much needed reform in light of the 20,000 applications for appointments to state positions Dixon received prior to taking office. Dixon also encouraged reforms in taxation, education, and the judicial system. He abolished the pardon, parole, and probation system and created the Pardon and Parole Board. Teacher retirement was established, the state debt was reduced and several new departments were created including Finance, Industrial Relations, Conservation, Personnel, Commerce, Revenue, and State Docks and Terminals. Most of these absorbed functions and activities that had been scattered among several smaller boards and commissions. The Legislative Reference Service was established to assist the governor and members of the state legislature. Also under Dixon's administration, the legislature changed from quadrennial sessions to biennial sessions.
After he left office, Dixon returned to his private law practice with Bowers, Dixon, Dunn, and McDowell in Birmingham. He was a leader in the Dixiecrat movement from 1948-1951 that opposed the civil rights and trade union policies of the Democratic Party under President Harry S. Truman. In 1960 he again opposed the civil rights movement by running as one of ten States' Rights candidates for presidential elector to the Democratic National convention in Los Angeles.
(This information is from Encyclopedia of Alabama at http://encyclopediaofalabama.org/face/, and Alabama Governors, Alabama Department of Archives & History, at http://www.archives.state.al.us/govs_list/g_dixonf.html.)
JESSE FRANKLIN was the father of Mary Cleveland Franklin, who married Solomon Graves, a lawyer who was also active in politics. Solomon was descended from John Graves of Northamptonshire, England & VA (gen. 270). Jesse Franklin was U.S. Senator (1799-1813) and Governor of NC (1821-1822). Southern Heroes of 1776 Monument erected at Greensboro, North Carolina, to Colonel Joseph Winston and Governor Jesse Franklin, patriots of American Independence, and to Richard Taliaferro, soldier.
ABSALOM GRAVES GAINES was born 27 March 1827 in Boone Co., KY, son of Richard Gaines and Judith Rice, and grandson of Susannah Graves and George Gaines. He was descended from Capt. Thomas Graves of VA (gen. 169). He was a Universalist Church minister. He was selected as president of St. Lawrence University, Canton, NY, in 1872. Rev. Absalom Graves Gaines, D.D., LL.D., was a native of Kentucky, educated at the University of Virginia. An 1894 history of the university stated: "To him are largely due the character and influence of St. Lawrence University. His strong intellect, profound scholarship, uprightness and purity of character, and persevering, unselfish devotion, have built up the College. All but about thirty-five of its graduates has been educated under him. A man of earnest convictions and marked individuality, his influence in moulding, both intellectually and morally, the minds of his pupils has been notable. Under his administration were fully developed the true college feeling, an esprit de corps shown in many college songs and local usages,and a hearty loyalty to St. Lawrence, which has been proved in many ways. No college can boast a more patriotic body of alumni." He resigned on acount of illness in 1888. By 1894 he had fully regained his health, and occupied the chair as Craig Professor of Psychology and Ethics, and Political Economy.
ADAM GRAVES, born April 12, 1968 in Toronto, Ontario, is a former professional hockey player. Drafted in 1986 by the Detroit Red Wings, he played from 1987 through 2003. He is best-known for his 10-year tenure with the New York Rangers. He also played for the Detroit Red Wings, Edmonton Oilers, and San Jose Sharks. He finished his career with 329 goals and 287 assists and is currently (in 2008) a New York Rangers special assistant with Prospect Development and Community Relations.
Graves grew up in Toronto with his parents, Henry and Lynda Graves. Graves has two older sisters, Richenda and Lynette, as well as a younger adopted brother, Mark. Graves also grew up with many foster siblings.
After spending several seasons in the minor leagues, Graves made his National Hockey League debut with the Red Wings in the 1988-89 season, playing in 56 games and scoring 7 goals. The next year he was traded to the Edmonton Oilers, where he gained a reputation as a hard-nosed player, compiling over 120 penalty minutes in both seasons he spent with the team. It was there that he won his first Stanley Cup championship.
After joining former teammate Mark Messier in New York via free agency, his goal production increased markedly. In the 1993-94 season, he scored 52 goals to set the Rangers' club record for most goals in a season at that time; his efforts earned him a place on the NHL All-Star team.
That spring he cemented his popularity with the New York fans by playing a vital role in the team's first Stanley Cup championship in 54 years. That year he was also awarded the King Clancy Memorial Trophy for his work with charities. Although the Rangers' fortunes would wane over the next few years as they sank into mediocrity after the 1997 - 1998 NHL season, he remained one of the most popular players. In June 2001, after winning the Bill Masterton Trophy, he was traded to San Jose, where he finished his career.
Adam Graves won the NHL's most prized trophy and championship, The Stanley Cup, twice; in 1989-90 with the Edmonton Oilers and in 1993-94 with the New York Rangers. Graves also won a championship on the international level for his native Canada. In 1988 he was a member of the winning Canadian Junior team at the World Championships. In the tournament Graves recorded 5 goals in 7 games. He was also given the honor to captain the 1993 World Championships in Munich, Germany. This time around Graves recorded 3 goals. Again in 1999, Graves represented Team Canada at the World Championships in Norway, scoring 7 points in 10 games.
During the 1993-94 season Graves scored 52 goals and set a franchise record for most goals scored in a single season by a New York Ranger. In the spring of 1994, Graves helped the Rangers win their first Stanley Cup since the 1939-40 season. Graves was awarded the to the NHL's second All-Star Team at the position of left wing, and was the recipient of the King Clancy Memorial trophy in recognition of his continuing work with charitable causes. After winning the Bill Masterton Trophy in 2001, Graves was traded to the San Jose Sharks. Graves played with the Sharks organization for 2 years and tallied 49 total points before announcing his retirement in April 2004.
Most of this is from Wikipedia.
(DAVID) BIBB GRAVES, called Bibb, was born 21 April 1873 at Hope Hull, Montgomery Co., AL, and died 14 March 1942 in Sarasota, FL. He married Dixie Bibb, daughter of Peyton Bibb and Isabel Thorpe, on 10 Oct. 1900 at Montgomery, AL. His parents were David Graves and Mattie Bibb, and his paternal grandparents were Russell Graves and Miss Hinkle. He was descended from Francis Graves of VA (gen. 220), via Francis1, Francis2, William3, William4, David5, Robert Russell6, David7, David Bibb8.
Governor Graves was educated in the public schools of Texas, and later graduated from the University of Alabama with the degree of Civil Engineer in 1893. He received his legal education at the University of Texas during the following 2 years, and in 1896 was graduated with the degree of L.L.B. from Yale University. He was elected Governor of Alabama in 1926 and took office Jan. 27, 1927. At the end of his term he returned to the practice of law. He was re-elected Governor in 1934, taking the oath of office Jan. 14, 1935. He was a Democrat and a member of the Church of Christ.
According to an article by Jeffrey C. Benton in the Montgomery Advertiser, Mon., July 21, 1997: "Martine Deutsch's 1937 bronze bust of David Bibb Graves (1873-1942) is appropriately titled "The Builder." [This sculpture was erected in 1937, and sits in front of the Department of Public Safety building in Montgomery, AL.] No other Alabama governor has compiled such an enviable record of leadership and progress as did Graves during his first term, 1927-31.
Graves, who was related to Alabama's first two governors, attended Starke's University School in Montgomery and then earned a degree in civil engineering from the University of Alabama.
Subsequently he studied law at the University of Texas, read law privately in Montgomery, and finally graduated with a law degree from Yale University.
In 1916, Graves served on the Mexican border as the colonel of the 1st Alabama Cavalry and then in France as colonel of the 117th U.S. Field Artillery, 31st Devision, American Expeditionary Force.
After World War I, Graves was closely associated with the Alabama National Guard and the American Legion.
Like many other politicians of his time, Graves was a paradox. Evangelical Protestants, veterans, organized labor, educators and Klansmen formed his power base.
When elected governor in 1927, he was the Montgomery Grand Cyclops of the Alabama Ku Klux Klan. (He was not Grand Dragon of the entire state as this and some other writings incorrectly stated.) This was a period when "respectable" men across the nation belonged to the Klan, including future Supreme Court Justice Hugo Black.
The Klan's emphasis was not only racist, but also moralistic, nativist, anti-immigrant, and anti-Catholic. Alabama Klan membership peaked at about 95,000 during the 1926 election, but stood at only 5,500 two years later.
Alabamans rejected the Klan as it turned to violence, and the governor resigned from the Klan at the end of his first year in office.
This was also a period when Alabama was one of the most progressive states in the South, and Graves' record was as a progressive.
In his first year, the Legislature passed 700 bills. Graves organized the Highway Department, built a state highway system, constructed numerous bridges, and improved state docks and shipping facilities.
His record in education and public health was equally impressive. The school year was extended to seven months. Rural schools were consolidated. Textbooks were provided. Teachers salaries were raised. Mental health and child welfare improved. Child employment declined.
During Graves' second term (1935-39) he supported federal efforts to alleviate economic hardship. The state's highway patrol and departments of labor and public welfare date from this term."
DANNY GRAVES is a U.S. baseball player. His Graves ancestry is not presently known. The following story is from a Goldsea.com article, written by Tran Van Minh, Associated Press Writer, Hanoi, Vietnam (AP) on Tuesday, Jan. 17, 2006.
Pitcher Danny Graves Makes First Visit to Vietnam Since Leaving in 1975
U.S. baseball pitcher Danny Graves was in Vietnam on Wednesday for a 10-day visit to teach the sport to the communist country, his first visit to the nation of his birth since his family left more than three decades ago.
"Kids in schools in Vietnam here see another Vietnamese player has been able to play baseball his whole career,'' Graves told reporters after arriving in Hanoi on Tuesday. Maybe that would spark a little more interest."
Graves, the only Vietnamese-born player in the U.S. major leagues, left Saigon, the capital of U.S.-backed wartime South Vietnam when he was only 14 months old. His mother, Thao, worked at the U.S. Embassy during the Vietnam War. That's when she met Graves' father, Jim, an American serviceman who died six years ago.
The family left before Saigon fell to Communist North Vietnam in 1975.
The pitcher, accompanied by his mother and wife, Andrea, is visiting as part of a goodwill tour sponsored by the Vietnam Veterans Memorial Fund.
Baseball is virtually unknown in Vietnam, where soccer is hugely popular.
Graves was hoping that his visit will help spark a new interest in an American tradition. But first, Graves had to help the Vietnamese crowd understand the difference between a strike and a home run.
He is scheduled to visit a sports university outside of Hanoi later Wednesday where his mother will serve as an interpreter to explain how the game of baseball is played in her native Vietnamese tongue.
The delegation will travel Friday to a province near the former demilitarized zone to dedicate Vietnam's first little league field and present children with baseball equipment.
They also will visit several projects sponsored by the Vietnam Veterans Memorial Fund, including a land mine removal and awareness program.
Graves was expected to receive a briefing on Wednesday by the Joint POW/MIA Accounting Command, which continues to search for the remains of missing servicemen.
The 10-day trip will also include stops in several key cities and tourist spots, including Hue, Ho Chi Minh City and the Mekong Delta, to help Graves learn more about the country of his birth.
Major League Baseball pitcher Danny Graves, 32, left, and his mother Thao Graves, have a laugh during a news briefing upon their arrival in Hanoi, Vietnam on Tuesday Jan. 17,2006. Graves, a reliever for the Cleveland Indians, returned to Vietnam, his country of birth, for the first time to learn a little about his roots and to teach Vietnam about America's greatest pastime, baseball. (AP Photo/Richard Vogel)
In a news story on a Cincinnati Reds website, April 1, 2008: "Danny Graves, the closer who was run out of Cincinnati after responding to a racial slur from a fan, signed a minor-league contract Sunday with the Minnesota Twins. Graves led the independent Atlantic League in saves last year with the Long Island Ducks and was invited to a throw session this spring with Minnesota."
A newer article in Pioneer Press in Minneapolis on June 7, 2008 was titled "Fallen star rises anew." Its subtitle was "former all-star Danny Graves rediscovered his spark and is working his way up through the Twins system."
She is a mezzo soprano and began vocal training at the Duke Ellington School of Arts in Washington in the late 1980s. She also studied at Oberlin Conservatory of Music and the prestigous New England Conservatory. She debuted at the Metropolitan Opera in 1995 and has appeared at many opera houses. Though her repertoire is extensive, her signature part is that of the title role in Carmen. On January 20, 2005, she sang the patriotic song "American Anthem" during the 55th Presidential Inauguration, between the swearing in of Vice President Dick Cheney and the swearing in of President George W. Bush for their second terms in office.
She was quoted as saying: "The first time I sang at the White House, my husband, my mother and the rest of my family were there. Just before I started singing, I had a flashback to my mother teaching us how to behave at the table when I was a little girl. And she would say,' Denyce, this is how you must behave when you have dinner at the White House.' That flooded my memory. And before I started to sing, I looked out at all those people and I told them,' I have something to say.' And I told that story to the people at the White House. When I got through, I looked at my mother, and I said,' Mom. We're here.'"
Many people will most remember Graves singing "America the Beautiful" and "Lord's Prayer" at the Washington National Cathedral during the memorial service honoring the victims of 9/11 on September 14, 2001, which Bush, members of Congress, and past and present leaders attended. She also was a part of internet history, performing the opera "Werther" with Andrea Boccelli for the Michigan Opera Theatre, the first opera broadcast on the internet in its entirety in 1999. She is currently an industry panelist on American Idol Underground. In 2003, Graves performed in front of a live audience at the Met for a television special, Denyce Graves: Breaking the Rules. Since 2005, she has hosted a radio show, Voce di Donna (Voice of a Lady), on XM Satellite Radio.
Most of this is from Wikipedia.
GEORGIA GRAVES was an American singer of classical music. She was born about 1902 in Nebraska, daughter of William E. and Delilah E. Graves, both born in Illinois. Her earlier ancestry is not presently known.
According to a biography and reviews at http://sdrc.lib.uiowa.edu/traveling-culture/chau1/pdf/graves/1/brochure.pdf, "Richly endowed with a contralto voice of unusual beauty and tremendous range, Georgia Graves is firmly established as one of the finest and most versatile singers in America. Whether in Recital, Oratorio, Opera, or as soloist with Symphony Orchestras, she has proven her artistry and dependable musicianship. Miss Graves is an American with wholly American training, and has traveled extensively in her own country as well as 44 foreign countries. In her recitals, Miss Graves has become known as an outstanding interpreter of songs of Sibelius, whom she recently visited and sang for in Finland."
HENRY GRAVES was descended from John Graves of Concord, MA (gen. 166). He was born 11 March 1868 in Orange, Essex Co., NJ, and died 21 March 1953 in New York City, NY. He married Florence Isabel Preston on 21 Jan. 1896 in New York City. She was born 3 March 1870 in Irvington-on-Hudson, NY. They lived at 420 Park Ave., New York City, NY. Born into a prominent banking family, Mr. Graves made millions in banking and railroads. He was also an art collector whose single-owner sale was held in 1936 by American Art Association Anderson Galleries, Inc., which evolved into Sotheby's. The highlight of that sale was Albrecht Dürer's Adam and Eve which sold for an impressive $10,000. An ardent watch collector, Graves was a patron of Patek Philippe, competing with James Ward Packard, the famed automobile manufacturer, for ownership of the most complicated watch in the world. In 1927, Packard commissioned the world's most complicated watch but not to be outdone, Henry Graves surpassed his rival in 1933 to became the owner of the most complicated watch ever made, spending 60,000 SF, nearly five times the price paid by Mr. Packard. It took over 3 years to engineer this truly one of a kind timepiece; only one watch was ever built. Called "the Supercomplication", this pocket watch was held in the Museum of Time for years until it was sold for a record-breaking $11,002,500 to an anonymous bidder at a Sotheby's auction held in New York City on 2 Dec. 1999.
HENRY LEE GRAVES was descended from John Graves of Northamptonshire, England & VA (gen. 270). He was born 22 Feb. 1813 (or 1812) at Yanceyville, N.C., died 4 Nov. 1881 at Brenham, Texas, and was buried in Brenham. He married Rebecca Williams Graves, daughter of Gen. Azariah Graves and Elizabeth Williams, on 3 Feb. 1836 in Caswell Co., NC. She was born 8 Oct. 1812, and died 18 Nov. 1865 at Fairfield, Texas. He secondly married widow Myra Lusk Crumpler, in 1872. He attended the University of North Carolina from 1831 to 1835 and taught math at Wake Forest College from 1835 to 1837. After his ordination to the Baptist ministry in 1837, he attended Hamilton Literary and Theological Institute in New York from 1840 to 1842. He taught in Covington, Georgia, in 1843, and in 1845 he was a delegate from that state to the organizational meeting of the Southern Baptist Convention in Augusta, Georgia. Graves left his teaching position and moved to Texas in 1846 to become the first president of Baylor University at Independence. During his presidency Baylor acquired its first permanent building and saw enrollment grow to seventy students. Graves served in the joint capacity of university president and minister of the Independence Baptist Church from 1847 to 1850.
LT. GEN. HOWARD D. GRAVES was born 15 Aug. 1939 in Roaring Springs, Motley Co., TX, died 13 Sept. 2003 of cancer in College Station, TX, and was buried 23 Sept. 2003 in West Point Cem., West Point, NY. He was descended from James David Graves of NC & TN (genealogy 535), probably before that from William Graves of VA, NC & KY (genealogy 13), and possibly before that from Capt. Thomas Graves of VA (genealogy 169).
He received a B.S. from the U.S. Military Academy, West Point, NY, 1961, and a bachelor of arts, master of arts, and master of letters, Oxford University (Rhodes Scholar), Oxford, England, 1971. His career has consisted of various Army command and staff positions, 1961-1983. These include assistant to the secretary of defense, 1974-76; deputy director for strategy, plans and policy, Army, 1984-85; vice director, Joint Military Staff, 1985-87; commandant, U.S. Army War College, 1987-89; assistant to the chairman, Joint Chiefs of Staff, 1989-91; superintendent, U.S. Military Academy, 1991-96. He retired from the Army in 1996 and spent two years at a Washington think tank. He then became visiting professor, Lyndon B. Johnson School of Public Affairs, University of Texas at Austin, 1998-99.
After he gave a commencement speech at Texas A&M, Galveston, in December 1998, he was asked whether he would be interested in the job of chancellor of the Texas A&M University System. He was selected for the position and officially started Aug. 1, 1999.
JOHN ALEXANDER GRAVES III was born 6 Aug. 1920. He married Jane Cole of New York City, N.Y. in 1958. He was educated at Rice Univ., Houston, TX and Columbia Univ., N.Y. City, N.Y. He served as an officer in the Marines during World War II. He is a writer and a college teacher. He was descended from Capt. Thomas Graves of VA (gen. 169).
An article appeared on page 27 of the April 1995 issue of the Graves Family Newsletter, titled JOHN GRAVES DAY IN DALLAS, TX. A picture of John Graves and his wife Jane is to the right.
For a marathon 10 hours on Saturday, March 4, 1995, Dallas was the epicenter of Texas letters. Writers came from all over the state, as well as outside it, to pay tribute to the man who wrote one of the most highly regarded books ever about Texas. The occasion was John Graves Day, held in celebration of Mr. GravesÂ 75th year and the 35th anniversary of the publication of Goodbye to a River. 19 writers took part, and the sold-out program was emceed by Larry L. King. Messages were read from Texas Gov. George W. Bush and former Gov. Ann Richards, and a proclamation from the Texas Senate. The honoree was John Alexander Graves III of Glen Rose, TX, descended from Capt. Thomas Graves of VA, via John2, Ralph3, Ralph4, Henry White5, Henry6, Ralph7, Elijah8, Richard Stanford9, John Alexander10, John Alexander Jr.11, John Alexander III12. A brief article about him was on p. 30, 1981 GFNL. Prior to his first book, John Graves had written many magazine articles, and since then he has written other books and articles, but his first book is the one he is most remembered for. After 35 years and several paperback editions, his publisher, Alfred A. Knopf, has never let the original hardcover edition go out of print.
JOHN WOODCOCK GRAVES (1795-1886) was born on 9 February 1795 at Wigton, Cumberland, England, son of Joseph Graves, plumber, glazier and ironmonger, and his wife Ann, nÃ©e Matthews. (According to Transcripts of the Marriage Registers of Wigton St. Mary's, 1781-1797, Joseph Graves, bachelor of this parish, 24 yrs., & Ann Matthews, spinster of this parish, 27 yrs., by banns, on 1 Dec. 1792, in the presence of J. G. Taylor and John Bank.) Although the earlier ancestry is not known, it is almost certain that he was part of genealogy 377 and related families of Cumbria.
John's father, Joseph, died in 1803 leaving nothing but debts, and John had little schooling. At 14 in Cockermouth he was apprenticed to his uncle George, painter of coach signs. Fond of drawing and painting, Graves at one time hoped to study art; later he painted several portraits in oils. About 1815 he completed his apprenticeship, left Cockermouth and acquired interests in a carding mill at Caldbeck. Later he became interested in coal-mining in West Scotland and neglected the woollen mill. His connexion with it ended in blows and a lawsuit which he lost. At Caldbeck he had met the farmer, horse-dealer and huntsman, John Peel (1776-1854), with whom he spent much time. One evening in 1824 Graves wrote impromptu the five verses 'D'ye ken John Peel?' and sang them to the old Cumberland rant of 'Bonnie Annie'. The song quickly became famous and as its author Graves is best remembered. After Peel's death he wrote 'Monody on John Peel' and 'At the Grave of John Peel'.
The main reason Graves (and John Peel) is known today is because of his writing of "D'ye ken John Peel?" The story of this and the words (both the original and the revised version) can be found on the Tullie House Museum website. A good version with words displayed can be found on Youtube. One other comment about why John Woodcock Graves and John Peel are so well known today is on Steve Bulman's website: "If John Woodcock Graves had not been inspired to write his famous song, John Peel would have been long forgotten; if it had not been sung by Mr. William Lattimer at the farewell dinner to John Clarkson, William Metcalfe would not have heard it, and so made his setting of the music, his singing of which at the Cumberland Benevolent Institution's dinner in 1869 gave new life to the song; if George Coward had not given to its words the literary finish that has made Metcalfe's arrangement popular wherever the English language is spoken, it would have been confined to the John Peel country."
In 1834 Graves left for Van Diemen's Land (now called Tasmania, part of Australia) in the Strathfieldsay with his wife and six children as assisted immigrants and some Â£10 in cash. He tried various occupations, was granted 640 acres (259 ha) on Bruny Island and in September 1835 applied for the post of keeper of the proposed lighthouse on South Bruny. In May 1836 he advertised himself as willing to repair, paint and varnish carriages, paint portraits and heraldic devices and undertake japanning, plumbing and glazing. In 1837 he sought an official appointment to report on coal-mines at Port Arthur; in May he asked the lieutenant-governor for help in opening a slate quarry at Davey River and in June for employment as a lithographer. In 1842, after detention at the government asylum in New Norfolk for apparent insanity, he went to New Zealand where he studied flax-growing, invented a machine to improve the preparation of flax and attempted to evolve a better weaving loom. He returned to Hobart Town about 1845. Erratic and eccentric, he lived on Satellite Island with his son Joseph, with whom he carried on 'a very fierce war'. In 1856 he was described as 'a most violent and dangerous person and certainly unfitted to be at large'.
Graves married twice. His first wife, Jane Atkinson of Rosley, Cumberland, died within a year of marriage. Four years later he married Abigail Porthouse. Of their eight children, the eldest, John Woodcock, became a successful lawyer in Tasmania, and Joseph owned large timber mills at Southport. For some years Graves lived with John at Caldew in Cavell Street, West Hobart, but Joseph was his mainstay in later life. Graves died at Hobart on 17 August 1886 and was buried in the Queenborough cemetery. In 1958 a memorial was erected in St David's Park.
(Most of this information is from Australian Dictionary of Biography, Online Edition, http://adbonline.anu.edu.au/biogs/A040323b.htm. Information about John Peel and the song about him is mostly from the website of Tullie House Museum and Arts Services, Carlisle, at http://www.tulliehouse.co.uk/pages.asp?type=M&url=153_The+Story+of+John+Peel&lvl=,50,162,165,153,)
JOSH GRAVES was born Burkett H. "Buck" Graves, 27 Sept. 1928 in Tellico Plains, Monroe Co., Tennessee. He was descended from John Graves and Susan ------ of SC & Carter Co., TN (genealogy 92). He is one of the main people responsible for the acceptance and popularity of the Dobro® guitar in bluegrass and country music. In 1942, Graves joined the Pierce Brothers and began playing in Gatlinburg. Later he played with Esco Hankins and Mac Wiseman before becoming a part of the Wheeling Jamboree with Wilma Lee and Stoney Cooper. During a performance at the Grand Ole Opry, Graves made a big impression upon Lester Flatt and Earl Scruggs who invited him to join their Foggy Mountain Boys. He played with other groups and solo after that.
MICHAEL GRAVES, world famous architect, was born 9 July 1934 in Indianapolis, IN. He is descended from Thomas Sims Graves of Culpeper Co., VA and Fayette Co. & Nelson Co., KY (genealogy 94), and probably before that from Francis Graves of VA (genealogy 220) (previously believed to be the youngest son of Capt. Thomas Graves of VA).
He studied architecture at the University of Cincinnati (B.Arch., 1958), at Harvard University (M.Arch., 1959), and, as winner of the Prix de Rome, at the American Academy in Rome (1960-1962). Beginning in 1962, he taught architecture at Princeton University and also maintained a private practice. From there, his importance as both teacher and practicing architect steadily increased. He is considered a leading American architect and designer, instrumental in the emergence of Post-Modernism in the mid-1970's. His classicizing and colorful buildings are intended to make contemporary architecture more meaningful and accessible, referring to past tradition while also responding to contemporary surroundings.
Early in his career, Graves was identified as a member of the New York Five, a group of young architects whose largely residential designs were reminiscent of the Swiss architect Le Corbusier in their geometric abstractions. A 1972 book on this group first brought Graves exposure and drew attention to the distinctive characteristics of his work. By the mid-1970's Michael Graves was moving vigorously away from the Modern tradition and toward an architecture he characterized as "figurative, that is, related in visual and symbolic ways to human beings. His works after 1980 brought him international recognition as a leading figure in Post-Modernism.
Beginning in the late 1970's, but particularly by the mid-1980's, Graves expanded his range of influence to the design of furniture, rugs, kitchen products, dinnerware, jewelry, clocks, and watches. His ties with The Walt Disney Company resulted in not only a tea kettle featuring Mickey Mouse and a gourmet collection of housewares, but also the company's corporate headquarters in Burbank, CA, the Swan and Dolphin hotels at Walt Disney World in Orlando, FL, and other buildings.
(This information is from Encyclopedia of World Biography, 2nd ed., Gale Research, Detroit, MI, 1998, vol. 6, pages 500-502.)
MICHAEL GRAVES is an American actor who lives in New York City, NY. His ancestry is not presently known. His wife is Jennifer Graves, and they have one daughter, Rebecca. His acting biography, submitted by him, follows.
- ZORBA (with Chita Rivera and John Raitt)
- MAN OF LA MANCHA (with Lainie Kazan)
- 1776 (with John Saxon)
- SHENANDOAH (with John Raitt and David Canary)
- IRMA LA DOUCE (with Ruta Lee)
- THE UNSINKABLE MOLLY BROWN. Opera, Oratorio
- The Commendatore in DON GIOVANNI
- Dr. Grenvil in LA TRAVIATA
- Chorus in FAUST, Faure REQUIEM, THE MESSIAH
- Elijah in ELIJAH
Recent Off Broadway Plays:
- AN ENEMY OF THE PEOPLE
- HELL AND BACK
- IRREVOCABLE TRUST
- NO MAN'S LAND
- A DOLL'S HOUSE
- THE UNINVITED GUEST
- TRIGORIN'S NOTEBOOK
- ANGELS FALL
- PEOPLE I KNOW (with Al Pacino)
- HBO pilot for THE NEW AMERICANS.
- MACBETH (Public Theatre with James Earl Jones)
- TIMON OF ATHENS (Shakespeare Theatre of Washington, DC)
- ALL'S WELL THAT ENDS WELL(Pearl Theatre)
- A CRY OF PLAYERS (with Anne Bancroft and Frank Langella at Lincoln Center)
- KING LEAR (with Lee J. Cobb at Lincoln Center)
- Iago in OTHELLO (with James Earl Jones at The Mark Taper Forum)
- UP A TREE (with Imogene Coca)
- HOT SHOT (with Gene Barry)
- ALL THE QUEEN'S MEN (with Elizabeth Ashley and David Lansbury)
- De Nizza in ROYAL HUNT OF THE SUN (with Morgan Freeman)
- Von Helsing in DRACULA
- Rev. Parris in THE CRUCIBLE (European Tour)
- Henry II in A LION IN WINTER
- PRECIOUS MEMORIES (St. Louis Rep)
- Lopakhin in THE CHERRY ORCHARD (Cincinnati Playhouse)
- Dr. Dorn in THE SEAGULL
- Undershaft in MAJOR BARBARA
- Jackson in Jordan Buck's A SEASON OF ASHES
- Professor Pinkham in ALL MY CHILDREN
Undercroft Players and Blue Roses. He appears frequently around the country in LOVE LETTERS with his wife and acting partner, Jennifer Lee Graves. For picture and more information, go to IMDB.com and search for Michael Graves.
MORRIS COLE GRAVES was born 28 Aug. 1910 in Fox Valley, OR, and died 5 May 2001 in Loleta, CA. He was descended from Deacon George Graves (gen. 65). He was the sixth of eight children of Edwin L. and Helen M. Graves. He was the only one of the children to be born at the family's homestead in Fox Valley (Linn Co., OR). Within several years the family abandoned the homestead and returned to Seattle, WA. Before completing high school he shipped as a merchant sailor, and in 1929 and 1930 visited Japan, where he quickly succumbed to the influence of nature in Japanese art and thought. In 1932, while visiting relatives in Beaumont, Texas, he finished high school and after a brief period in Los Angeles he returned to Seattle, in 1936 enrolling in the Federal Arts Project there. Later that year he held his first one-man show at the Seattle Art Museum.
His paintings, first in heavy oil impasto and later in watercolors and gouache, worked toward a spare simplicity of manner and a mysterious, sometimes almost metaphysical symbolism very often employing birds or other small animals. He occasionally included suggestions of Oriental calligraphy in his rather impressionistic inks done on delicate paper.
His work was first seen in New York City in 1939 and several of his pieces were included in the "Americans, 1942" show at the Museum of Modern Art. A number of other solo and group exhibitions followed and in 1946 Graves was awarded a Guggenheim fellowship. Major retrospective exhibitions of his work were held in Oslo, Norway, in 1955 and at the Whitney Museum of American Art in 1956, the latter show subsequently traveling from New York to several other cities.
(Most of this information is from Webster's American Biographies, Charles Van Doren, ed., G. & C. Merriam Co., Springfield, MA, 1974.)
NANCY STEVENSON GRAVES was born 23 Dec. 1940 in Pittsfield, MA, and died 21 Oct. 1995 in New York City of cancer. She first married Richard Serra. At the time of her death, she was married to Avery L. Smith. Her ancestry is not presently known.
Her father worked as assistant to the director of the Berkshire Museum in Pittsfield. Her early exposure to the museum, where art, history, and science were presented under the same roof, profoundly influenced her later work. She attended Vassar College, majoring in English literature and studying painting and drawing (B.A., 1961), but it was not until she entered the Yale School of Art and Architecture that the intense, competitive world of fine arts education became available to her. After graduation in 1964 she received a Fulbright-Hayes grant in painting to study in Paris for a year. She and fellow classmate Richard Serra were married there in the summer of 1965, and in 1966 they moved to Florence, Italy.
She established herself as a sculptor with the life-sized, realistic camel constructions she developed between 1965 and 1969. Using a multiplicity of materials and a wide range of sources, she focused her talents on filmmaking, painting, printmaking, stage designing, and watercolor, as well as sculpture. In 1970 she made the first of five films. Each one was preceded by travel and research, and though the images are "representational" the films are fundamentally abstract in their exploration of color, light, form, and surface. Collaboration with the choreographer and dancer Trisha Brown in 1985 gave Graves a different experience.
(This information is from Encyclopedia of World Biography, 2nd ed., Gale Research, Detroit, MI, 1998, vol. 6, pages 502-504.)
PETER GRAVES is a brother of actor James Arness. He is descended from John Graves of Concord, MA (gen. 166). He was born Peter Aurness on 18 March 1926 in Minneapolis, Hennepin Co., MN, son of Ruth (Duesler) Salisbury and Rolf Aurness. He starred in the television series, Mission Impossible, and has acted in various other television and movie roles.
ROBERT RANKE GRAVES was born 24 July 1895 and died in 1985. He married Annie Mary ("Nancy") Nicholson, daughter of William Nicholson, the artist. She was born 13 Sept. 1894. He was descended from the Graves family of Yorkshire and Mickleton Manor, Gloucestershire, England (gen. 68).
(This information is mostly from Encyclopedia of World Biography, 2nd ed., Gale Research, Detroit, MI, 1998, vol. 6, pages 504-506.) Two other websites of possible interest are http://www.lacasaderobertgraves.com/index_eng.php and the site for St. John's College Robert Graves Trust at http://robertgraves.org/
RUPERT SIMEON GRAVES was born 30 June 1963 in the seaside resort town of Weston Super Mare, Avon, England. He is descended from Robert Greeves of Great Dalby, Leicestershire, England (genealogy 338). He had his first taste of the show-business bug by taking part in Victorian musical nights held at Birnbeck Pier in his home town. As befits the past of all great actor's, Rupert Graves did not enjoy his time at school - unable to accept the indignities of authority and it's restrictive rules.
A variety of part time employment and a mini excursion into punk rock music soon followed. Amongst others, Graves worked as a circus clown, in a chip shop, and a shoe factory. The acting blood was still in his veins however, this leading him to join a troupe with the amazing name of "Silly Billy Pickles And The Peanut Street Gang", which entertained children at Butlin's holiday camps.
This type of experience was to stand him in good stead in the near future, as when making his stage debut in "The Killing Of Mr. Toad" at The King's Head Theatre, Rupert Graves' abilities were soon noted, so much so that he was offered the part of Freddy Honeychurch in the Merchant Ivory production of "A Room With A View", now regarded as a cinema classic.
It has been said many times before that he is one of the busiest thespians around. The present count, up to and including February 2002, is an outstanding 41 film / television productions, 19 stage roles, and a variety of narrative and television advertising work.
(Most of this information from his website.)
SAMUEL ("SAM") GRAVES is descended from John Graves/Greaves of Northamptonshire, England & Virginia (gen. 270) as follows: John1, Thomas2, David3, Samuel4, William Edward5, John William6, Samuel W.7, Wilferd Walter8 (Sam's grandfather). He is a life long resident of Missouri's Sixth Congressional District. As a small businessman and a sixth-generation, full-time family farmer, Sam has spent his life working to make Missouri a better place to live, work, and raise a family.
Sam, a Republican, was first elected to Congress in 2000. As of 2009, he serves on the Agriculture, Small Business, and Transportation Committees where he continues the fight for the most significant interests of the Sixth District.
Congressman Graves was born in Tarkio, Missouri on November 7, 1963. He graduated from Tarkio High School in 1982 and attended college at the University of Missouri-Columbia, where he received his degree in Agronomy from the School of Agriculture.
While attending the University of Missouri, Sam met his wife, Lesley. Upon graduation, Lesley and Sam married and moved back to Tarkio. Lesley teaches sixth grade at Tarkio Elementary School. They have three children; Megan, Trey, and Emily. Sam is an active member of his community and enjoys flying his 1947 Piper Cub airplane.
In 1992, Sam won his first race for State Representative. In 1994, Sam was elected as State Senator for the 12th Senatorial District and was subsequently re-elected in 1998. Sam's leadership has not only been recognized by his constituents, but from organizations like the Missouri Chamber of Commerce, the Small Business Development Corporation, and the Missouri State Medical Association.
SAMUEL GRAVES (17 April 1713 Â 8 March 1787) was a British Admiral who is probably best known for his role early in the American Revolutionary War. He was descended from the Graves family of Yorkshire and Mickleton Manor, Gloucestershire, England (gen. 68). He had no children, just a ward (daughter of his late sister-in-law) who married his godson John Graves Simcoe, who later became first Governor General of Upper Canada. He was the uncle of Admiral Thomas Graves, 1st Baron Graves, who was a first cousin of Rear-Admiral Sir Thomas Graves. Graves died at his estate at Hembury Fort, Honiton, Devon.
In October 1770 Graves rose to vice admiral, and in July 1774 assumed command of the Royal NavyÂs North American station. Headquartered in Boston, Graves was at the center of the Revolutionary turmoil in New England. His sailors manned the boats that ferried British soldiers across the Charles River en route to Concord on the night of 18 April 1775. Two months later, on 17 June 1775, his sailors again helped ferry troops, this time to the Charlestown Peninsula, while several of his ships provided fire support for the pyrrhic victory at Bunker Hill. During the Siege of Boston, Admiral Graves, on 6 October 1775, ordered Lt. Henry Mowatt, commanding the armed vessel Canceaux, to destroy seaports that were supporting the rebellion. Mowatt burned Falmouth (todayÂs Portland, Maine) on 18 October.
On 27 January 1776, V.Adm. Richard Viscount Howe succeeded Graves as commander-in-chief of the North American station. Graves returned to England without a command. In September 1777 he declined command of Plymouth, but indicated a desire to return to active duty. Graves advanced to admiral of the blue on 29 January 1778, admiral of the white on 8 April 1782, and died at his estate at Hembury Fort, Honiton, Devon on 8 March 1787.
From: Wikipedia. For more information about Admiral Samuel Graves, his home near Honiton, Devon, and his godson, John Graves Simcoe, see the monograph by Martin Habell.
WILLIAM PRESTON ("BILL") GRAVES was governor of Kansas, 9 Jan. 1995-13 Jan. 2003. He was descended from Thomas Graves of Lunenburg Co., & Mecklenburg Co., VA (genealogy 152), and probably from Francis Graves of VA (genealogy 220) before that.
In this picture, he is the second from the right, making a presentation.
He was born Jan. 9, 1953 in Salina, Kansas. The Republican was elected secretary of state in Kansas in 1986. He was not the favorite going into the 1994 governor's race. That was probably Democratic Congressman Jim Slattery, one of those instinctively political Democrats who captures a Republican seat (as he did in 1982) and holds onto it indefinitely, with a voting record that promotes local interests and wobbles between moderate and liberal on national issues. Slattery was able to win a five-candidate Democratic gubernatorial primary with an impressive 53%. But in the general he had little to say, slipping from one issue to another, then focusing on charges that Graves had received contributions from executives of an Alabama company owned by his father-in-law which was accused of misleading seniors about their insurance coverage. Graves, who won his six-candidate primary with 41%, had a more solid theme. He pledged to keep spending down, to rein in government; he called Slattery a "double-dealing Washington congressman" - pretty tough stuff in 1994. The race blew open in the last weeks, and Graves won 64%-36% - the widest margin in over 20 years, and an astonishing showing against a man who had after all won election to Congress five times in a major portion of the state; Slattery carried three of 105 counties. Graves was reelected even more decisively in 1998, defeating Democrat Tom Sawyer 73%-23%.
WILLIAM SIDNEY GRAVES was descended from John Graves of Northamptonshire, England & VA (gen. 270) as follows: John1, John2, Thomas3, Lewis4, Lewis5, Andrew Carroll6, William Sidney7.
Raised as a Central Texas farm boy and known to his family as Billy, Major General William Sidney Graves was destined to leave his mark on world history. Born in Mount Calm, TX on 27 March 1865, he was the sixth son of a Southern Baptist minister, Rev. Andrew Carroll Graves. He attended Military Academy at West Point, NY. He entered class June 15, 1884, and graduated June 12, 1889, ranked 42nd in a class of 49 students academically but 7th in discipline (the seventh fewest number of demerits). This discipline prompted superior officers to recognize his leadership ability, which ultimately led to his promotion to major general.
The newly commissioned 2nd Lieutenant was immediately posted to frontier duty at Fort Logan, CO, where he met his future wife, Katherine Boyd. She was born the daughter of William Boyd and Augusta Merriam on April 5, 1871. They were married Feb. 9, 1891 at Ft. Logan, where all four of their children were born.
Initially serving with troops of the 20th Infantry, he soon was selected to serve as aide-de-camp to his commander, Brig. Gen. H. C. Merriam. During the next several years, Lt. Graves served in the usual areas assigned to young officers: commissary officer, ordinance officer, acting judge advocate general, and firing range officer. These duties prevented him from gaining combat experience with his regiment, which had participated in the Spanish-American War, but he was promoted to Captain of Infantry in Sept. 1899 and rejoined his regiment in the Philippine Islands. Serving with distinction in the Philippine Insurrection battling insurgents in Batangas Province as a company commander, he was cited for gallantry by his brigade commander, Gen. J. F. Bell, for action in the battle of Caloocan, 21 Dec. 1901, combat experience that would prove invaluable in his later years of command.
In succeeding years he served as member of the General Staff in Washington, DC, including stints as Secretary to the General Staff and a tour as the Assistant Chief of Staff of the Army. During this time he came to the notice of President Woodrow Wilson and Secretary of War Newton Baker.
From May 1917 to July 1917 he served on a confidential mission to Great Britain, France, and Belgium, laying the groundwork for the entrance of the United States into WW I. Anxious to become involved in combat again, the now Brigadier General succeeded in obtaining a position as commander of the 8th Infantry Division at Fremont, CA (he thought soon to be deployed overseas to the European Theater of WW I) earning him promotion to Major General, National Army.
Soon after arriving in California, he received a wire instructing him to meet with Secretary of War Newton Baker in the Kansas City, MO train station. Baker told Graves that he would "be walking on eggs loaded with dynamite; watch your step", he had been hand-picked by President Wilson for a very important operation, and that he would lead troops in Russia later to be remembered as The American Expeditionary Forces (AEF) in Siberia.
For some time, the British and French governments had tried to secure American interests in a so-called Eastern Front, hoping to divert German men and materiel away from the main fighting on the Western Front. Their frequent requests were finally approved by American and Japanese governments and Wilson reluctantly agreed to send American troops to Russia to counteract the growing Japanese influence.
Graves' orders, contained in a secret memo from President Wilson, were to protect Allied military depots along the Trans-Siberian Railway, aid the Czech Legion (a large force of Czechs which had entered the military service of the Russians), and prevent the Japanese from increasing their sphere of influence. He was specifically told not to interfere with Russian internal policy. The memo was deliberately written in such vague terms the details would be left solely to Graves' discretion. Col. (later General) Robert Eichelberger, serving with Graves as his assistant chief of staff, stated that Graves was a man with good judgment, coolness, common sense, and the highest integrity; these were the reasons that Wilson picked Graves, and that "he was the best man for the job."
After arriving in Siberia with 9000 men on Sept. 1, 1918, he quickly became at odds with the British, French, Japanese, Red and White Russian factions, American consulate personnel, Red Cross and other agencies, each of which had their own agenda. Graves' firmness and diplomacy narrowly averted frequent clashes between American and Japanese forces and he was "not intimidated by the British, French, and Japanese contingents and U.S. diplomatic officials who endeavored to get him to act against Bolshevik factions." His official obituary in the 71st Annual Report of the Association of Graduates, USMA states, "His administration of a distasteful duty won him the respect of the Russian people who felt that the restraint imposed on other commanders by Gen. Graves had assisted in checking Allied intentions to dismember their country." Additionally, "The tide of the Japanese Empire had been diverted southward..." Having completed its task, the AEF left Siberia in 1920.
From October through December in 1925, he served as jury member in the celebrated court martial of General Billy Mitchell. Another notable jury member was General Douglas MacArthur.
General Graves finished his career as commander of the Panama Canal Zone, retired with over forty years service on Sept. 4, 1928, and in 1931 published his book American Siberian Adventure, 1918-1920.
Death claimed Graves from coronary artery disease on 27 Feb. 1940 in Shrewsbury, NJ, and he was buried at Arlington National Cemetery with honors commensurate of his rank. Mrs. Graves died Nov. 23, 1957, and is buried at Arlington with her husband. (This information provided by Dr. Thomas L. Graves of Gulfport, MS.)
ANN GREAVES, born Ann Summers, is believed to be the creator of the world-famous Bakewell Pudding. Ann was born in 1778 in Swanwick, Derbyshire, and died in 1866. She first married James Hudson, the first innkeeper of the Rutland Arms, they had 3 children, and he died April 19, 1805. She than married Mr. Greaves in October of 1805. He apparently died before 1841, since she was living with her son William in 1841, and he was listed as the hotel keeper of the Rutland Arms Hotel.
There is more than one version of the story of how the pudding was first made, but they all involve Mrs. Ann Greaves and her accidental creation of this pastry. The most common version is that the Bakewell Pudding was first created in the 1860s (although it was almost certainly before that, since Ann's son William Greaves was the innkeeper in 1861, and Ann was living alone in Lancashire then). The Rutland Arms was built in 1803 or 1804 on the site of the White Horse Inn. It is by the roundabout in the centre of Bakewell. Back in the coaching days it was the landlady of the Rutland Arms, Mrs. Greaves (wife of the innkeeper), who usually did the cooking but on the monumental day, when entertaining important guests, the task of making a strawberry tart was left to an inexperienced assistant. The egg and sugar were omitted while making the pastry. Then the jam was spread over the unusual pastry base, and the egg and sugar mixture was put on top and an extra (secret) ingredient was added. The customers liked this new sweet, and the rest is history.
What became of the secret recipe? One story is that Mrs. Greaves left the recipe, in her will, to a Mr. Radford, who in turn passed it on to Mr. Bloomer. Mr. Bloomer's son still makes (and sells) this 'original' pudding. But, according to the Old Original Bakewell Pudding Shop, Mrs. Wilson who owned the cottage where the shop now is, acquired the recipe from the assistant cook (rumour is that is was stolen). Mrs. Wilson was a candle maker in this cottage and she decided that she would start to make this pudding.
There are three bakeries in Bakewell selling the world famous Bakewell Pudding, and it will come as no surprise that each claims to have the original, secret recipe. During the summer season, over 12,000 puddings are sold each week. The Bakewell Pudding is quite different from the more familiar Bakewell Tart.
A book has been written about Mrs. Greaves. It is called ANN SUMMERS, CREATOR OF THE WORLD FAMOUS BAKEWELL PUDDING, by Paul Hudson (ISBN 9780955225178). The residents of the Peak District would probably connect the creation of the world famous Bakewell Pudding with Mrs. Ann Greaves, the wife of the innkeeper of the Rutland Arms which dominates the centre of the town of Bakewell. That would probably be the limit of their knowledge about this hard-working, popular and interesting lady who was prominent in Bakewell life during the first half of the 19th century. Ann was born in Derbyshire, her maiden name was "Summers", she married the first innkeeper of the newly-built Rutland Arms Inn, James Hudson, she had four children and she lived to the ripe old age of 88! This book is the culmination of many years of research by local-born Paul Hudson, a direct descendant of the famous Mrs. Greaves, the lady who instigated the baking of the first Bakewell Pudding in the kitchens of her Rutland Arms Inn in the early 19th century. He has set out to correct the several anomalies about the story of Mrs. Greaves, the lady who put Bakewell on the world map all those years ago. She played such an enormous part in the future prosperity and popularity of the town by creating the first Bakewell Pudding all those years ago and by passing it down for all to enjoy. During the course of this research, the author discovered that his family was directly connected with many notable characters of their day and places of special local interest including Chatsworth House and Haddon Hall. He has moulded this information culled from numerous documentary records to form an absorbing study of work. The story of the Bakewell Pudding, Mrs. Greaves' large family of Hudson and Greaves descendants and who has the original and genuine Bakewell Pudding recipe is all explained in this new book. It has taken several years of research to complete and has brought the author in touch with a great many new and previously unknown relatives and the fascinating stories they have collected over the centuries.
ANTHONY ROBERT ("TONY") GREAVES was born 27 July 1942 in Bradford, West Yorkshire, England. His ancestry is not known. He is a Liberal Democrat member of the House of Lords in the U.K. He went to Oxford after schooling at Queen Elizabeth Grammer School, Wakefield, before moving to the North West. He was a member of the Lancashire County Council for 25 years, and a Local Councillor on Colne and Pendle Councils. He is married with two daughters, one of whom was a candidate in the Preston City Council elections in 2006.
His politics are generally considered to be left wing. Together with Gordon Lishman, Greaves moved the party's famous Community Politics motion. This approach to putting power in the hands of ordinary people is credited with raising the Liberal Democrats to their best ever position.
He was made a life peer as Baron Greaves, of Pendle, in the County of Lancashire, in 2000.
Lord Greaves is considered to be a character, called by some of his opponents "Lord Beard of Sandals," although his wife is reported to have said that he has never worn sandals. He does clearly have a beard, however, and a sense of humor. He says he may be a Tony but heÂ'll never be a crony!
From: Wikipedia, and Liberal Democrats website.
CLINTON GREAVES was a Buffalo Soldier and recipient of the Congressional Medal of Honor. Clinton Greaves was born into slavery on August 12, 1855 in Madison County, Virginia. His father was born John Greaves, a blacksmith; we do not know his mother's name. His earlier ancestry is also unknown.
Clinton was a laborer and a resident of Prince George County when he enlisted in the Army for the first time on November 21, 1872 from Prince George's County, Maryland. He was 23 years old. His enlistment papers described him as black eyes, black hair, black complexion, and five feet six and a half inches tall. Clinton Greaves could not write so he made his mark. His second enlistment was at Santa Fe, New Mexico December 21, 1877 age 28. He did sign his name. Corporal Greaves spent over 20 years in the Army most of it in the 9th Cavalry as a Buffalo Soldier. By January 24, 1877 he was serving as a Corporal in Company C of the 9th Cavalry Regiment. (According to an account on Wikipedia.com, "On that day, Greaves was part of a detachment which participated in an engagement in the Florida Mountains of New Mexico. For his actions during the battle, he was awarded the Medal of Honor two years later, on June 26, 1879." However, another version below says the battle was in 1879.) Greaves reached the rank of Sergeant before leaving the Army. He died at age 51 and was buried in Green Lawn Cemetery, Columbus, Ohio.
The year 1879 opened on a decidedly different note. It was the beginning of more than a year of concerned effort by the Buffalo Soldiers to run the Apaches to ground. It was as grueling a campaign as the United States Cavalry ever was called upon to undertake, Outlaw Chiricahuas stepped up their raids and the more restless young men among the Warm Springs and Mescalero tribes slipped away from the reservations to depredate. Late in January, word reached Fort Bayard that a party of forty to fifty Chiricahuas had fought a detachment of the Sixth Cavalry in Arizona and had probably moved eastward into New Mexico. Lt. Henry H. Wright with six men of Company C and three Navaho Indian scouts left the post at once for these Indians.
The trail was struck and followed into the Florida Mountains where the Indian camp was located on the morning of January 24. Outnumbered badly, Wright did not attack but sought instead to persuade the Chirichuas to surrender. Half an hour of talk proved fruitless, and Wright observed that he was completely surrounded. Breaking off the council, Wright ordered his men to push through the encircling Indians, but as they did so a deadly fight at close quarters broke out. Weapons were fired and then used as clubs. In the center of the melee Corporal Clinton Greaves fought like a cornered lion and managed to shoot and bash a gap through the swarming Apaches, permitting his companions to break free. But with five of their number dead and more wounded, the Indians fled leaving the field to Wright and his gallant nine. The troopers, suffering only minor wounds, gathered up six Indian ponies and returned to Fort Bayard. For his role in this affair, Corporal Greaves was awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor.
JAMES PETER ("JIMMY") GREAVES was born 20 February 1940. His ancestry is not known. He was an English football player, and more recently a television pundit. He played his first Football League game in 1957, scoring on his Chelsea debut. By the time he retired in 1971 his goals total stood at 491, 357 in league matches for Chelsea, Spurs and West Ham. Jimmy set a record of scoring on his debut for each new team he played for, including England. Though he scored 44 times for his country, with a better ratio than Bobby Charlton, in just 57 internationals, Jimmy missed out on the World Cup win in 1966.
The scoring record of Jimmy Greaves is phenomenal. He became the youngest player to reach a hundred league goals, on 19th November 1960, when he scored in the 6-3 victory over Manchester City. Jimmy reached his 200 goals aged 23 years and 290 days, exactly the same age as "Dixie" Dean when he reached that milestone.
Between 1958 and 1969 Jimmy finished top scorer in the First Division six times, the first player to so do and Jimmy headed the goal scoring list in each of his first 12 seasons in the Football League.
It`s testimony to the impact of Jimmy on British football that it was a common cry amongst boys, the length and breadth of the country, that a goal scored in playground football was usually followed by the remark, `who do you think you are, Jimmy Greaves`.
Jimmy was born Feb. 20, 1940 in the East End of London. His Dad was also Jimmy Greaves, a train operator on the Roding Valley section of the Central Line of London Transport. Here is a photo of the two of them from the front cover of the London Transport Magazine, Jan. 1967.
For a more complete discussion of Jimmy Greaves and his career, see an article at Spurs Odyssey.
From: National Football Museum website and Wikipedia.
WILLIAM ABRAHAM GREAVES was an American artist. He was descended from Richard Greaves of Bradfield, Yorkshire & Chesterfield, Derbyshire, England (gen. 70). He was born 12 March 1847 in Watertown, NY, and died 9 May 1900 in Kansas City, MO. He married Sarah Gertrude Dale 19 Sept. 1871 in Tionesta, PA.
He was educated in and a graduate of the public schools of Watertown, NY, and was made an instructor when but 14 years of age. His art instruction was from the well known artist, Thomas LeClair, and he was also a student at the Cooper Institute, New York City. He lived for several years at Utica, NY, moving to Warren, PA in 1873, where he continued to reside until his death.
He was a notable portrait artist. Among the most notable of his works are the portraits of Hon. Samuel J. Randall, Hon. Galusha A. Grow, Hon. Matthew Stanley Quay, Gov. Fenton of New York, and Gov. James A. Beaver of PA. He also painted many other portraits of men well known in public life. In 1892, two of his paintings of past speakers of the U.S. House of Representatives, Samuel Randall and Galusha Grow, were added to the display of past speakers in the Speaker's Lobby, House Wing, U.S. Capitol Building, in Washington, DC. The first three portraits mentioned are shown below.
|SAMUEL J. RANDALL, 33rd Speaker of the House (1876-1881). House of Representatives (Speaker's Gallery), United States Capitol Building, Washington, DC|
|GALUSHA AARON GROW, 28th Speaker-of-the-House (1861-1863). House of Representatives (Speaker's Gallery), United States Capitol Building, Washington, DC|
|MATTHEW STANLEY QUAY, An immensely powerful Pennsylvania political boss once dubbed a "kingmaker" by President Benjamin Harrison. "Boss" Quay's political principles and actions stood in contrast to an unusually attractive personality.|
JOHN MUNFORD GREGORY, JR. was governor of Virginia. He was descended from Capt. Thomas Graves of VA (gen. 169) as follows: Thomas1, John2, Ralph3, Ralph4, William5, Ralph6, Letitia Powers7, John Munford8 Gregory, Jr. He was born in Virginia on July 8, 1804 and was a member of the Virginia state House of Delegates from 1831 to 1840. He served as acting Governor of Virginia from 1842 to 1843 and then as a state court judge in Virginia. Gregory died on April 9, 1884 and was buried at Shockoe Cemetery in Richmond, Virginia.
ALEX HALEY has been believed to be descended from John Graves of Northamptonshire, England & VA (gen. 270) as follows: John1, Thomas2, Nancy3, Thomas4 Lea, Chicken George5 Lea, Tom6 Murray, Cynthia7 Murray, Bertha George8 Palmer, Alexander Murray Palmer9 Haley. However, it appears that may not be the correct ancestry for his Thomas Lea, and that his line was probably descended from a brother of the Isabella Lea who married John Graves and the William Lea who married Nancy Graves (both children of Thomas Graves, b. 1691). Alex Haley is best known for his book, Roots, which was made into a very popular television special on ABC.
|Copyrighted photo used with permission of Mickey Adair, www.availablelightphoto.com|
He was born in Ithaca, New York on August 11, 1921, and reared in Henning, Tennessee. The oldest of three sons of a father who was a college professor of agriculture and a mother who taught grade school, Haley graduated from high school at fifteen and attended State Teacher's College in Elizabeth City, North Carolina for two years. He did not excel at school or college. At the urging of his father, he then enlisted in the United States Coast Guard as a mess attendant, 3rd Class, in 1939.
A voracious reader, Haley began writing short stories while working at sea, but it took eight years before small magazines began accepting some of his stories. By 1952, the Coast Guard had created a new rating for Haley, chief journalist, and he began handling United States Coast Guard public relations. In 1959, after 20 years of military service, he retired from the Coast Guard and launched a new career as a freelance writer.
The Autobiography of Malcolm X was his first major work. It appeared in 1965 and had immense effect on the black power movement in the United States. The work that made him famous was his book Roots and the television series based on it. In 1977 Roots won the National Book Award and a special Pulitzer Prize. Roots has been translated into 37 languages, and sold more than one million copies in the first year, and a total of 6 million copies in hardcover and millions more in paperback. The blockbuster television mini series "Roots: The Saga of an American Family," was broadcast on ABC television in 1977, and was watched by an estimated 130 million viewers.
Haley worked to promote literacy, adult literacy especially, and participated in programs that encouraged young people to remain in school.
He died February 10, 1992, of a heart attack.
RUTHERFORD BIRCHARD HAYES was the 19th President of the United States (1877-1881). He is descended from Thomas Graves of Nahant & Lynn, MA (gen. 213).
As president, he oversaw the end of Reconstruction and the United States' entry into the Second Industrial Revolution. Hayes was a reformer who began the efforts that would lead to civil service reform and attempted, unsuccessfully, to reconcile the divisions that had led to the American Civil War fifteen years earlier.
Rutherford Birchard Hayes was born in Delaware, Ohio, on October 4, 1822, son of Rutherford Hayes and Sophia Birchard. He practiced law in Lower Sandusky (now Fremont) and was city solicitor of Cincinnati from 1858 to 1861. When the Civil War began, Hayes left a successful political career to join the Union Army. Wounded five times, most seriously at the Battle of South Mountain, he earned a reputation for bravery in combat and was promoted to the rank of major general. After the war, he served in the U.S. Congress from 1865 to 1867 as a Republican. Hayes left Congress to run for Governor of Ohio and was elected to two terms, serving from 1867 to 1871. After his second term had ended, he resumed the practice of law for a time, but returned to politics in 1875 to serve a third term as governor.
In 1876, Hayes was elected president in one of the most contentious and hotly disputed elections in American history. Although he lost the popular vote to Democrat Samuel J. Tilden, Hayes won the presidency by the narrowest of margins after a Congressional commission awarded him twenty disputed electoral votes. The result was the Compromise of 1877, in which the Democrats acquiesced to Hayes's election and Hayes accepted the end of military occupation of the South.
Hayes believed in meritocratic government, equal treatment without regard to race, and improvement through education. He ordered federal troops to quell the Great Railroad Strike of 1877 and ordered them out of Southern capitals as Reconstruction ended. He implemented modest civil service reforms that laid the groundwork for further reform in the 1880s and 1890s. Hayes kept his pledge not to run for re-election. He retired to his home in Ohio and became an advocate of social and educational reform. He died Jan. 17, 1893 at his home, Spiegel Grove, in Fremont, Ohio.
(This information is from Wikipedia.)
BARBARA MANDRELL was born 25 Dec. 1948 in Houston, TX, and was raised in Oceanside, near Los Angeles, CA. She is descended from William Graves and Elizabeth of VA, NC & KY (gen. 13), possibly descended from Capt. Thomas Graves of VA via the Caswell Co., NC branch of the family.
She comes from a musical family. Her father, Irby, sang and played guitar and her mother, Mary, played piano and taught music. At the age of 12, Barbara demonstrated the steel guitar at a national convention and then worked in Las Vegas with Joe Maphis and Tex Ritter. By her teens, she also played saxophone, guitar, banjo and bass. Her parents formed the Mandrells with her and two boys, one of whom, drummer Ken Dudney, became her husband in 1967. Their extensive touring schedule included military bases in Vietnam. Mandrell first recorded in 1966 for the small Mosrite label, and her sobbing "Queen For A. Day", with Glen Campbell on guitar, was reissued with a revised accompaniment in 1984. She signed with Columbia in 1969, and, for a time, she concentrated on country versions of soul hits. Despite her glossy Las Vegas look, she joined the Grand Ole Opry in 1972, switched to ABC-Dot in 1975, and had her first Top 5 country single with "Standing Room Only". In 1977 she had her first U.S. country number 1 with "Sleepin' Single In A Double Bed". Her television series, Barbara Mandrell And The Mandrell Sisters, ran from 1980-82 and was also screened in the U.K. She recorded numerous other songs, some of them U.S. country number one singles.
(This information is from The Guiness Encyclopedia of Popular Music, ed. By Colin Larkin, vol. 4, Guiness Pub. Ltd., Enfield, England, 1995.)
LOUISE MANDRELL was born Thelma Louise Mandrell, 13 July 1954 in Corpus Christi, TX. She is descended from William Graves and Elizabeth - of VA, NC & KY (gen. 13), possibly descended from Capt. Thomas Graves of VA via the Caswell Co., NC branch of the family.
She began playing guitar, banjo and fiddle as a child and joined her sister, Barbara Mandrell, in the latter's band on bass in 1969. She had a short-lived marriage with Ronny Shaw, who opened for Barbara, and her second marriage also failed. She was a featured singer with Merle Haggard's roadshow in the mid-1970s. She signed with Epic and had U.S. country hits with "Put It On Me", "Everlasting Love" and "Reunited" (which was a duet with her third husband, R. C. Bannon). She had further success with RCA and was the butt of her sister's jokes on the television series, Barbara Mandrell And The Mandrell Sisters. In 1983, she had solo country hits with "Save Me" and "Too Hot To sleep", which led to her own television series. Her 1988 single with Earle Carmen, "As Long As We Got Each Other", made the U.S. country charts despite only promotional copies being issued. The picture above is of the three Mandrell sisters. (This information is from The Guiness Encyclopedia of Popular Music, ed. By Colin Larkin, vol. 4, Guiness Pub. Ltd., Enfield, England, 1995.)
STEVEN TERRENCE MCQUEEN, called Steve McQueen, was born 24 March 1930 (exact birth year not known with certainty) in Indianapolis, IN, and died in 1980. He married Neile Adams in 1956. She was a singer, dancer, and actress, who was born in Manilla of Eurasian ancestry. They had 2 children, daughter Terry Leslie McQueen and son Chad McQueen. He was descended from John Graves of Northamptonshire, England & VA (gen. 270), by at least 2 different lines. The first 5 generations of the one that is proven are: John1, John2, Joseph3, Nancy C.4 m. John Coleman Goodwin (also a Graves descendant), Lloyd King5 Goodwin, etc.
After an unhappy childhood and an adventurous, wandering and sometimes reckless youth, Steve McQueen became a movie actor known for his portrayals of characters who were, like himself, at once rugged and sensitive. He often played the part of a young man on his own, fighting to survive in a hostile society. He was not typecast, however, as proved by his varying roles in the comedy Love With a Proper Stranger and the dramas Cincinnati Kid and The Great Escape. Acting, though his living, was not his life. He raced cars professionally and entered and won motorcycle races.
His father left the family soon after his birth and McQueen went with his mother to Slater, Missouri, where they lived with his uncle. Four years later his mother remarried, and they moved with his stepfather to California. At first he attended local schools, but his mother and stepfather sent him to the California Junior Republic at Chino, a home for wayward boys, when he became too difficult to handle. McQueen made one attempt to run away from the home, but it was unsuccessful, and he stayed for almost two years, until the ninth grade. He then left to join his mother in New York, where she had lived since her second husband died.
At fifteen he ran away to join a tanker sailing to the West Indies. Life at sea proved no more to his liking than life at home, and he left the ship when it docked in Port Arthur, Texas. During the next year and a half he supported himself at a variety of jobs, including those of a grunt (laborer) in Texas oilfields, a barker in a traveling carnival, and a tree topper for a Canadian lumber company. That period ended with his enlistment in the United States Marine Corps in April 1947. Even though he went AWOL, he always looked back on his Marine days with affection.
It was in Greenwich Village, New York City, that McQueen began his acting career. After studying at the Uta Hagen-Herbert Berghof Dramatic School on the G.I. Bill and another scholarship, he was accepted by the Actors Studio for a three-year apprenticeship. He made his acting debut in 1952 in a summer stock stage production, and continued in summer stock and minor television roles until he reached Broadway in 1956 as a three-month replacement for Ben Gazzara in A Hatful of Rain. In the fall of 1959 he landed the starring role as an underdog bounty hunter in a new TV series called Trackdown, which became the pilot for a new series called Wanted - Dead of Alive which became a big success. Starting in 1958, he acted in many films. The McQueen movie that had the most critical acclaim was The Great Escape (United Artists, 1963), the factual story of the escape of 76 Royal Air Force prisoners from a German prison camp during World War II. (Portions of this discussion are from Current Biography Yearbook, ed. Charles Moritz, The H. W. Wilson Co., NY, 1989, pages 256-258.)
JOHN MOTLEY MOREHEAD III, the chemical engineer who through accidental circumstances in 1891 created calcium carbide and discovered that it was a cheap source of acetylene gas, thereby permitting the creation of Union Carbide Corporation, is a descendant of John Graves of Northamptonshire, England & VA (gen. 270).
His line of descent is: John1, Thomas2, b. 1691, Thomas3, John4, Mary5, John6 Kerr (1782-1842), a legendary evangelist, Frances7 Kerr, Mary Elizabeth8 Connally m. James Turner Morehead, John Motley9 Morehead III, no descendants, named for his grandfather John Motley Morehead, a governor of NC in the 1840s.
The following summary is from the John Motley Morehead Foundation website, printed with their permission.
Born on November 3, 1870, John Motley Morehead III was graduated from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill in 1891. Although most widely known during his lifetime as a successful businessman, chemist, and engineer, Mr. Morehead was also an internationally known inventor, author, and scientist.
Following his graduation from the University, John Motley Morehead and his father were searching for an inexpensive method for manufacturing aluminum and instead discovered acetylene gas at their mill in Spray (now Eden), North Carolina. Mr. Morehead then developed an economical process for the manufacture of calcium carbide and laid the groundwork for the development of the Union Carbide Corporation. At the time of his death in 1965, Union Carbide had more than seventy-three thousand employees throughout the world and produced more than six hundred products.
Mr. Morehead's illustrious career also included the invention of an apparatus for analyzing gases and the publication of a book on the subject that remained the authoritative source for years. He served as mayor of Rye, New York, and was appointed by President Herbert Hoover as envoy and minister to Sweden from 1930 to 1933. As a result of his exceptional work as ambassador Mr. Morehead became the first foreigner ever honored with Sweden's gold medal for outstanding service.
In 1915, at the age of forty-four, Mr. Morehead married Genevieve Margaret Birkhoff. A few years after Genevieve Morehead's death in 1945, he married Leila Duckworth Houghton. Neither marriage produced children.
Mr. Morehead gave generously to his alma mater. In 1931, Mr. Morehead and Rufus Lenoir Patterson, a classmate and fraternity brother, donated the Morehead-Patterson Bell Tower to the University. In 1945, Mr. Morehead created the Morehead Foundation for the purpose of erecting the Morehead Building and establishing the Morehead Award. The Morehead Building, dedicated in 1949, houses the Morehead Planetarium, the Genevieve B. Morehead Art Gallery, the Copernican Orrery, the Morehead Observatory, scientific exhibition galleries, and the Morehead Foundation offices. The Foundation has tendered more than 2,300 Morehead Awards over the course of the last half-century.
To his hometown, Mr. Morehead gave the Morehead Stadium and Chimes to what was then known as the Tri-City High School of Leaksville, Spray, and Draper, since renamed John Motley Morehead Senior High School. He also made a significant gift to the local hospital which was later renamed John Motley Morehead Memorial Hospital.
John Motley Morehead's greatest loves were his native state of North Carolina and its university at Chapel Hill. The legacy of Mr. Morehead's dedication and devotion to the University continues to thrive today through the Morehead Program.
John Motley Morehead III died January 7, 1965.
Lieutenant-General JOHN GRAVES SIMCOE (February 25, 1752 - October 26, 1806) was the first lieutenant governor of Upper Canada (modern-day southern Ontario and the watersheds of Georgian Bay and Lake Superior) from 1791-1796. He founded York (now Toronto) and was instrumental in introducing institutions such as the courts, trial by jury, English common law, freehold land tenure, and for abolishing slavery in Upper Canada long before it was abolished in the British Empire as a whole (it had disappeared from Upper Canada by 1810, but was not abolished throughout the Empire until 1834). Although not a Graves descendant, he was a godson of British Admiral Samuel Graves, and greatly influenced by him.
John Graves Simcoe was the only son of John (1710-1759) and Katherine Simcoe . His father, a captain in the Royal Navy, commanded the 60-gun HMS Pembroke (James Cook was his sailing master) during the 1758 siege of Louisbourg. John Graves Simcoe's godfather was British admiral Samuel Graves. Simcoe married Graves' ward, Elizabeth Posthuma Gwillim, in 1782.
In 1770, Simcoe entered the British Army as an ensign in the 35th Regiment of Foot. His unit was dispatched to America, where he saw action in the Siege of Boston. During the siege, he purchased a captaincy in the grenadier company of the 40th Regiment of Foot. Simcoe commanded the 40th at the Battle of Brandywine, where he was also wounded. n 1777, Simcoe sought to form a Loyalist regiment of free blacks from Boston, but instead was offered to command the Queen's Rangers, a well-trained light infantry unit comprising of 11 companies of 30 men, 1 grenadier and 1 hussar, and the rest light infantry. During the winter of 1779, Simcoe attempted to capture George Washington, but decided that his men would not shoot the future president.
The Province of Upper Canada was created under the Constitutional Act of 1791. Simcoe was appointed lieutenant governor and moved to Upper Canada with his wife Elizabeth and daughter Sophia, leaving three other daughters behind with their aunt. In July 1796 poor health forced Simcoe to return to Britain. He was unable to return to Upper Canada and resigned his office in 1798. He became Colonel of the 81st Foot in 1798, but exchanged it for the 22nd Foot less than six months later. He later served briefly as the commander of British forces in St. Domingo (Haiti) and commander of the Western District in Britain. In 1806, he was appointed commander-in-chief of India but died in Exeter before assuming that post. He was buried in Wolford Chapel on the Simcoe family estate near Honiton, Devon.
From: Wikipedia. For more information about John Graves Simcoe and his godfather, Adm. Samuel Graves, see the monograph by Martin Habell.